Margaret Thatcher

Article

July 5, 2022

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher (English: Margaret Thatcher; Grantham, October 13, 1925 - April 8, 2013), born Margaret Hilda Roberts, was a British politician, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, known as the Iron Lady Lady). First a chemist by profession before graduating with a law degree and becoming a lawyer, Margaret Thatcher became the first woman president of the Conservative Party in 1974, and then the first woman prime minister of the United Kingdom, a position she held from May 4, 1979 to 28 .November 1990, which is the longest term of office of a Prime Minister of the United Kingdom since 1827. She is known for her excellent relations with Ronald Reagan, who highly valued her, as well as for the way she led the United Kingdom in the Falklands War in 1982.

Childhood and Education

She was born in October 1925 in Grantham. Her father was Alfred Roberts, a local politician and merchant, and her mother was Beatrice Ethel. Under the influence of her father, who was the mayor of Grantham from 1946 to 1947, Margaret became interested in politics. After graduating from the girls' grammar school in Grantham, she applied to the University of Oxford, department of chemistry. After failing the first enrollment, she was accepted in 1943 and graduated in 1947. In the general election in January 1951, as a member of the Conservative Party, she ran for the position of Member of Parliament in the Dartfor constituency. Although she did not succeed, she was noted as one of the youngest candidates and as the first woman to run for that position. During the campaign, she met Denis Thatcher, whom she married in December of the same year. Political career from 1959-1979. year After her defeat in 1951, she did not participate in the general elections in 1955 because she had to take care of her two two-year-old children. In 1959, as a candidate of the Conservative Party of the city of Finchley, he entered the state parliament. In the parliament, from 1961 to 1964, she headed the committee in charge of the disabled and pensioners. After the general election in 1970, the conservatives led by Edward Heath won. Margaret was also in the new cabinet as Minister of Education. As Minister of Education, she advocated the abolition of specialist schools such as classical high schools and the introduction of comprehensive general high schools. Since Hitova owns