Chile

Article

January 27, 2022

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile (Spanish: República de Chile), is a parliamentary republic in South America, occupying a long and narrow strip of land between the Andes in the east and the Pacific Ocean in the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Strait at the far south. The islands of Juan Fernandez, Sala and Gomez, Desventuradas and the Easter Islands in Oceania are also included in Chile. Chile claims an area of ​​1,250,000 km² in Antarctica, although all claims have been suspended under the Antarctic Charter. The capital is Santiago de Chile, while the assembly meets in nearby Valparaíso. Santiago is home to 40% of Chile's population. Other major cities are: Valparaiso, Antofagasta, Punta Arenas, Iquique, Serena, Talca and others. Today, Chile is one of the most stable and prosperous Latin American countries, with a respectable army and a growing economy. Chile leads Latin America in human development, per capita income, competitiveness, economic freedoms and low corruption rates. Chile is the founder of the United Nations, the Union of South American Nations and the Commonwealth of Latin American and Caribbean States.

Origin of the name

There are various theories regarding the origin of the word Chile. According to the theory of Diego de Rosales, a Spanish chronicler from the 17th century, the Peruvian Incas called the valley of the Aconcagua River Chile, which is an incorrect pronunciation of the name of the head of the Pikunche tribe called Tile. Another theory points to the similarity of the Aconcagua Valley with the Casma Valley in Peru, where the city and the valley named Chile were located. According to other theories, Chile is derived from the Indian word meaning "end of the world" or "seagull", from the Mapuche Chili people, meaning "where the earth ends" or from the Quechua language chiri meaning "cold", or chili, which means "snow" or "the deepest point on Earth." Spanish conquistadors heard about this name from the Incas, and several members of the first Spanish expedition, Diego de Almagro, south of Peru, called themselves the people of Chile.

Geography

Position

Chile is a very long and narrow country located on the coast of the southern part of South America on the western side of the Andes. From north to south it stretches for 4300 km, while in the widest part, in the east - z

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