January 27, 2022
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile (Spanish: República de Chile), is a parliamentary republic in South America, occupying a long and narrow strip of land between the Andes in the east and the Pacific Ocean in the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Strait at the far south. The islands of Juan Fernandez, Sala and Gomez, Desventuradas and the Easter Islands in Oceania are also included in Chile. Chile claims an area of 1,250,000 km² in Antarctica, although all claims have been suspended under the Antarctic Charter. The capital is Santiago de Chile, while the assembly meets in nearby Valparaíso. Santiago is home to 40% of Chile's population. Other major cities are: Valparaiso, Antofagasta, Punta Arenas, Iquique, Serena, Talca and others. Today, Chile is one of the most stable and prosperous Latin American countries, with a respectable army and a growing economy. Chile leads Latin America in human development, per capita income, competitiveness, economic freedoms and low corruption rates. Chile is the founder of the United Nations, the Union of South American Nations and the Commonwealth of Latin American and Caribbean States.