Chocolate

Article

November 30, 2021

Chocolate (derived from the navatl word "czoko-latl" - "cocoa drink") is a confectionery product made from cocoa, fat, sweeteners and other additives. It is most often produced in the form of tables. In some countries, especially in Mexico, chocolate is widely used in the form of drinks in water or some other liquid. Chocolate has a high energy value - 100 grams of chocolate contains 2,100-2,500 kJ (500-600 calories). Cocoa has been cultivated by many cultures for more than three millennia in Mesoamerica. The earliest records of the use of chocolate drinks come from Mokai (Mexico and Guatemala) from the period around 1900 BC. n. e. In fact, most Mesoamerican peoples used chocolate drinks, including the Maya and Aztecs, who made a drink known as xocolātl, which is a Navajo word meaning "bitter water." Cocoa tree seeds have an intensely bitter taste and must be fermented to develop aroma. After fermentation, the grains are dried, cleaned, and baked. The shell is removed to produce a cocoa core, which is then ground to a cocoa mass, the raw chocolate in coarse form. When the cocoa mass is liquefied by heating, a chocolate liquid is formed. The liquid can also be cooled and processed into two components: cocoa solid and cocoa butter. Cooking chocolate, which is also called bitter chocolate, contains cocoa solid and cocoa butter in varying proportions, without added sugar. Most of the chocolate that is consumed nowadays is in the form of sweet chocolate, a combination of solid cocoa mass, cocoa butter or added vegetable oil, and sugar. Milk chocolate is a sweet chocolate that additionally contains powdered milk or condensed milk. White chocolate contains cocoa butter, sugar, and milk, but not cocoa solid. Solid cocoa masses are a source of flavonoids and alkaloids, such as theobromine, phenethylamine and caffeine. Chocolate also contains anandamides. Chocolate has become one of the most popular types of food and spices in the world, and a number of chocolate-containing foods have been created, especially desserts including cakes, puddings, mousses, chocolate cakes, and chocolate chip cookies. Many candies are filled or covered with sweetened chocolate, and hard chocolate bars and chocolate-covered sweets are eaten as snacks. Chocolate gifts in different

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