November 30, 2021
Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon, also known as Sri Lanka), is an island nation in South Asia. Northwest of Sri Lanka is India and southwest is the Maldives. The written history of Sri Lanka is longer than 3,000 years, but there are also theories that there were prehistoric human settlements on this island 125,000 years ago. Thanks to its geographical position and the coast suitable for the construction of ports, it was of great strategic importance from the ancient Silk Road to the Second World War. Sri Lanka is a multicultural country, where many religions, peoples and languages meet. It is inhabited by Sinhalese, Sri Lankan and Indian Tamils, Moors, Burgers, Malays, Kafirs and the native Vedic people. The island has a rich Buddhist heritage, and the oldest Buddhist script in Sri Lanka is the Pali canon, created in 29 BC. The recent history of the country was marked by the thirty-year civil war that ended in 2009 with the victory of government forces over the organization Liberation Tigers of the Tamil Ilam. According to the social system, Sri Lanka is a unitary republic with a presidential system. The legislature is located in Sri Jayavardenepura Kote, a suburb of the business center and the largest city in the state of Colombo. Sri Lanka is a significant producer of tea, coffee, gems, coconut, rubber and cinnamon. The island is rich in tropical forests and diverse landscape with rich flora and fauna. Sri Lanka has a long history of international cooperation, as the founder of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation and one of the members of the United Nations, the Commonwealth, the G77, and the Non-Aligned Movement. It is the only country in South Asia that has a high human development index.