January 1

Article

January 23, 2022

January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. Here, the calendar year refers to the order in which the months are displayed, from January to December. The first day of the medieval Julian year was usually another day, not January 1st. This day was adopted as the first day of the Julian year by all Western European countries except England between 1450 and 1600. The Gregorian calendar published in 1582 did not specify that January 1 be New Year's Day, nor the first day of its numbered year. Although England began its counting year on March 25 (Lady's Day or Revelation Day), between the 13th century and 1752, January 1 was called New Year's Day, and was, with Christmas and occasionally Twelfth Night, a holiday when gifts were exchanged . There are still 364 days in the year (365 in criminal).

Events

45. p. n. e. - The Julian calendar is being introduced. 404 - The last gladiator fights are held in Rome. Gladiators were usually slaves, criminals, or hired free people. Before the game, they would walk around the arena, show the weapon to the one who gave the game, then there would be a foreplay with the blunt, and finally a fight with the right weapon. The slain gladiator would be taken to the death chamber under the image of Mercury. The winner would receive a palm branch or a gold coin as a reward, and sometimes freedom. There were fights with beasts as well. The beasts are teased either at each other or at armed gladiators. 439 - The Code of Theodosius is published, the largest collection of Roman law to date. 990 - Kievan Rus adopts the Julian calendar. 1438 - Albert II of Germany is crowned King of Hungary. 1502 - Portuguese sailors sail into the Gulf of Guanabara and name the place Rio de Janeiro (January River), where a city was built that became the capital of the Portuguese Viceroyalty of Brazil in 1763, then the capital of the independent empire from 1822 to 1889 and the republic from 1899. until 1960, when the newly built Brazil was designated as the capital. 1515 - Duke of Angouleme Francois becomes King Francois I of France after the death of King Louis XII. 1526 - At a council in the town of Cetina, the Croatian nobility elected Ferdinand of Habsburg king. 1562 - Catholics massacre over a thousand Huguenots (Protestants) in France during their prayer (

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