January 11


May 19, 2022

January 11 is the eleventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 354 days (355 in leap years) remain in the year after this day.


630 - Conquest of Mecca: Prophet Muhammad and his followers conquer the city, Quraysh surrenders. 1055 - Theodora is crowned Empress of the Byzantine Empire. 1158 - Vladislav II, Duke of Bohemia, becomes King of Bohemia. 1569 - A lottery is held for the first time in St. Paul's Cathedral in London under the patronage of Queen Elizabeth I. The proceeds were used to rebuild fortifications, ports and other public works. 1654 - Arauco War: The Spanish army is defeated by the local Mapuche-Huilliches as it tries to cross the Bueno River in southern Chile. 1672 - Isaac Newton is elected a member of the British Royal Academy. 1775 - Jemeljan Pugachev is executed, a Russian Cossack who, proclaiming himself Tsar Peter III, raises an uprising against the Russian Empress Catherine II (1773-1775). The uprising had the character of a peasant war and affected the Ural region, Povoložje and part of Siberia. In addition to Russians, peasants of Tatar nationalities, as well as miners and workers from Russian manufactories took part in it. After greater successes and demonstrated organizational skills, Pugachev was defeated, trapped in a cage and taken to Moscow, where he was executed. 1779 - Ching Thang Khomba is crowned King of Manipur, now one of the federal states of India. 1787 - William Herschel discovers two moons of Uranus, which his son later named Oberon and Titania. 1811 - The Assembly of All People's Elders in Serbia establishes the first trustees (ministries) during the First Serbian Uprising. The Minister of Education became the most learned Serb of that time, the rector of the Great School in Belgrade, Dositej Obradović. 1843 - At the time of the greatest rise of the Illyrian Revival, Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria banned the use of the Illyrian name, especially in "newspapers and public writings". 1858 - The St. Andrew's Assembly changes the dynasty in Serbia, overthrowing Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic. Miloš Obrenović was returned to the throne, and his son Mihailo was proclaimed his successor. 1861 - American Civil War: Alabama secedes from the United States. 1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Arkansas: General John McClernand and Admiral David Deacon Porter occupy the Arkan River