July 11


August 11, 2022

July 11 (7/11) is the 192nd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (193rd in a leap year). There are still 173 days until the end of the year.


1276 - Pope Adrian V succeeds Innocent V as the 186th Pope of Rome. 1533 — Pope Clement VII excommunicates King Henry VIII of England, having previously refused to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon and legalize his relationship with Anne Boleyn. 1796 — The final stage of the Battle of Martinić took place, after which the Pipers and Bjelopavlićs became part of Montenegro. 1882 — The British Mediterranean Fleet began bombarding Alexandria as part of the Anglo-Egyptian War. 1921 — Mongolia declared independence under the name People's Republic of Mongolia. The first official championship of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in water polo was held. The Sombor sports club won. 1940 — French World War I hero Philippe Pétain becomes president of Vichy France. 1960 — Moise Tshombe, the prime minister of Katanga province in the Congo, declares the province's independence, starting years of unrest in the African country. 1978 — About 200 people died in an explosion of a liquefied gas tank in a Spanish Mediterranean tourist camp in the town of San Carlos de la Rapita. 1979 — The American space station "Skylab", after a six-year orbit around the Earth, disintegrated during landing. 1987 — The UN declared Matej Gaspar, a newborn boy in Zagreb, to be the fifth billionth inhabitant of the planet. 1991 — A plane carrying pilgrims from Nigeria crashes in flames in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. All passengers and crew members (261) were killed. 1995 — During the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Army of Republika Srpska captured Srebrenica. More than 30,000 people, mostly women and children, were transferred to government-controlled territory in Sarajevo. The forces of the Army of Republika Srpska were later convicted of having carried out a massacre in that area and of killing around 8,000 Bosnian Muslims. 1996 — The Hague Tribunal confirmed the indictments for war crimes and genocide against Republika Srpska President Radovan Karadžić and military commander Ratko Mladić. The court issued international arrest warrants for them. 2000 — With the mediation of US President Bill Clinton, negotiations on the issue of sovereignty over Jerusalem between the Israelis began at Camp David.