November 12


January 21, 2022

November 12 (November 12) is the 316th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (317th in leap years). There are 49 days remaining until the end of the year.


1812 - After retreating from Moscow, the remnants of Napoleon's troops suffer heavy losses on the Berezina River. 1918 - The First Republic of Austria is proclaimed, the day after the capitulation of Germany in the First World War and the abdication of Emperor Charles I. 1920 - The Treaty of Rapallo is signed, by which the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, under pressure from Great Britain and France, ceded to Italy Istria, Julian Krajina, Zadar and the islands of Cres, Lošinj, Lastovo and Palagruža, and later Rijeka. 1927 - Leo Trotsky, one of the leaders of the "left opposition" within the party, is expelled from the Bolshevik Party, and Stalin becomes the undisputed leader of the USSR. Trotsky was interned in Alma-Ata, then expelled from the country in 1929, and killed in Mexico in 1940 on Stalin's orders. 1932 - Adolf Hitler's National Socialist Workers' Party wins elections and takes power in Germany. 1942 - General Bernard Montgomery's British Eighth Army captures Tobruk in Libya during World War II and captures at least 30,000 German and Italian soldiers. 1944 - The Tirpic, the last major warship of Nazi Germany, is sunk by World Allies in World War II's Tromso Fjord. 1948 - A Japanese war crimes tribunal sentences former Prime Minister General Hideki Tojo and six other Japanese leaders to death in World War II. 1956 - The Belgrade theater "Atelje 212" performed the first play, "Faust" by Johann Wolfgang Goethe, in the adapted part of the "Borbe" building. 1969 - Russian writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn is expelled from the Union of Soviet Writers for fierce criticism of Stalinism in his novel In the First Circle. By a decree of the Supreme Soviet, the most famous Soviet dissident was expelled from the USSR in 1974. 1970 - At least 200,000 people die in a severe cyclone and high tide in East Pakistan (Bangladesh). 1974 - South Africa is suspended from the UN General Assembly over apartheid policies. 1981 - A second space shuttle, Columbia, orbits the Earth for the second time, becoming the first spacecraft to be used for the second time. 1993 - A chess tournament begins in Tilburg, the Netherlands. 1995 - The Erdut Agreement is signed

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