October 12 (October 12) is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). There are 80 days remaining until the end of the year.
1810 - The day Prince Bavarian Prince Ludwig and Saxon Princess Theresa are married becomes the event of the year and eventually turns into the Bavarian October Beer and Sausage Festival in Munich (Oktoberfest).
1860 - Kanun for Leskovac issued.
1897 - The remains of Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, a reformer of the Serbian language, are transferred to Vienna from Vienna and buried in the gates of the Cathedral.
1928 - An "iron lung" is applied to a polio patient in a children's hospital in Massachusetts.
1934 - Eleven-year-old Peter II Karadjordjevic is proclaimed King of Yugoslavia, after his father, King Alexander I, is assassinated in Marseilles on October 9.
1941 - In the village of Zasavica near Sremska Mitrovica, the Nazi occupier shot 1,057 Jews: 56 from Sabac, 800 refugees from Austria and 201 refugees from Germany, Slovakia, Poland and Russia.
1942 - In a battle on the Pacific island of Guadalcanal, the Americans defeat the Japanese in World War II and stop their advance on Australia.
1944 - The Belgrade operation begins, liberating Belgrade from the German occupiers
1960 - During a debate on colonialism in the UN General Assembly, annoyed that a large number of members of the General Assembly were asleep, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev took off his shoe and slammed it a hundred times.
1964 - The Soviet spacecraft Vashod 1, the first multi-crew spacecraft, is launched into orbit around the Earth.
1968 - A Panama National Guard, led by Colonel Omar Torrijos Herrera, overthrows pro-US President Arnulf Arias Madrid.
1984 - A bomb planted by members of the Irish terrorist organization IRA explodes during the Conservative Party's annual conference at the Grand Hotel in Brighton, where Margaret Thatcher, the British Prime Minister, was staying. Five people were killed and 30 were injured.
1992 - An earthquake near the Great Pyramids of Giza kills more than 550 people in Cairo.
The UN has symbolically declared a baby born in Sarajevo to be the six billionth inhabitant of the Earth. The mother of the newborn boy was awarded a silver medal of peace