September 12


May 19, 2022

September 12 (12.9) is the 255th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (256th in leap years). There are 110 days remaining until the end of the year.


1185 - Emperor Andronicus I Comnenus is overthrown in a revolt in Byzantine Constantinople, while Isaac II the Angel ascends the throne, overthrowing the Comnenus dynasty and replacing it with a new angelic dynasty after more than a century of rule. 1683 - King Jan III Sobieski of Poland defeats the Turkish army and breaks the two-month second siege of Vienna, preventing Turkey from invading Central Europe. 1772 - Russia conquers the Persian region along the Caspian Sea, including the city of Baku. 1801 - Russian Tsar Alexander I Pavlovich annexes the Kingdom of Georgia. 1848 - A new constitution is adopted by Switzerland, making it a federal union with a strong central government. 1878 - Egyptian obelisk known as Cleopatra's Needle, made of Aswan marble around 1475 BC. n. e., set in London. 1890 - A British South African company establishes the city of Salisbury, which becomes the capital of Rhodesia. 1916 - The offensive of the Serbian army against the Bulgarians and Germans in the First World War begins in Kajmakcalan. Ended on October 3, 1916, as the first victory of the Serbian army after the withdrawal through Albania. 1919 - Italian paramilitary detachments under the command of the poet Gabriel D'Annunzio capture Rijeka. 1928 - A chess tournament begins in Bad Kissingen, Germany. 1940 - A group of teenagers search for the lost dog in the Lasko Cave, near Montignac, Dordogne, France, a famous archeological site with Paleolithic drawings. 1942 - A German submarine torpedoes RMS Laconia off the coast of West Africa, killing some 1,650 of the 2,725 passengers on board. 1943 - German commandos release former Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. 1953 - Nikita Khrushchev is elected First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the USSR. 1968 - Albania announces its abandonment of the Warsaw Pact. 1970 - Palestinian hijackers blow up three hijacked planes in Jordan six days earlier, after taking off from New York for Europe. Passengers were previously released in exchange for Palestinian prisoners, including the hijacker of the fourth plane, Leila Khalid. 1974 - A coup overthrows Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie. 1980 - A military coup overthrows General Kenan Evren in Turkey