December 13


May 19, 2022

December 13 (December 13) is the 347th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (348th in leap years). There are 18 more days until the end of the year.


1545 - The Ecumenical Council, convened by Pope Paul III in May 1542, begins its work. - Based on the conclusion of this gathering, a counter-reformation movement was led which led to the Thirty Years' War of pro-Catholic and Protestant forces in Europe, from 1618 to 1648. 1570 - Peace in Szczecin ends the Northern Seven Years' War, and Denmark recognizes Sweden's independence. 1642 - Dutch sailor Abel Tasman discovers New Zealand, but does not disembark for fear of warlike natives, so the credit for the discovery went to the Englishman James Cook, who landed in 1769 on one of the New Zealand islands. 1806 - Serbian insurgents liberate the city of Belgrade in the First Serbian Uprising and force the Turks to retreat to the Belgrade Fortress. The fortress was conquered at the beginning of 1807, and after the collapse of the uprising in 1813, the Turks recaptured Belgrade. 1877 - At the invitation of Russia, Serbian King Milan Obrenovic declares war on the Ottoman Empire for the second time. In March 1878, the war ended with the peace agreement between Russia and Turkey in San Stefano, by which Russia tried to gain supremacy in the southern Balkans. 1921 - The United States, Britain, France, and Japan sign the Washington Treaty on Mutual Respect for Pacific Island Islands. 1937 - Japanese troops occupy the Chinese city of Nanking and kill about 200,000 Chinese, mostly civilians, over the next six weeks, and the bloodshed goes down in history as the "Nanking Rape." The Indonesian state news agency Antara was founded.1939 - In the first major naval battle in World War II, the British cruisers Exeter, Ajax and Achilles near La Plata Bay in the Atlantic Ocean severely damaged and disabled the German battleship Graf Spe. , who had previously sunk nine merchant ships during a pirate cruise in the South Atlantic and Indian Ocean. 1944 - A Japanese plane loaded with explosives, piloted by a suicide pilot, strikes the American cruiser Nashville in World War II and kills 133 crew members. 1967 - A military junta in Greece prevents it