October 14 (October 14) is the 287th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (288th in leap years). There are 78 days remaining until the end of the year.
1066 - William the Conqueror defeats the English army at Hastings and kills Harold Godwinson, the last crowned Anglo-Saxon king of England.
1322 - The army of King Robert I of Scotland defeats King Edward II's English troops at the Battle of Biland. That defeat forced England to recognize Scotland's independence.
1702 - Battle of Friedlingen during the War of the Spanish Succession. The French army won Pyrrhic victory over the army of the Holy Roman Empire.
1806 - Napoleon's troops defeat the Prussians and Saxons at the battles of Jena and Auerstadt. In the next six weeks, Napoleon conquered Prussia.
1809 - By the Peace of Vienna, Austria is forced to hand over Trieste, part of Croatia and Dalmatia, to Napoleon's France, Galicia to Poland and Russia, and the district of In Bavaria.
1892 - The first tram in Belgrade
1912 - An unknown person shoots US President Theodore Roosevelt in Milwaukee. A thick coat and a bundle of handwriting in the inside pocket prevented the bullet from reaching the body.
1913 - A severe mining accident in the United Kingdom kills 439 miners at the Glamorgen coal mine in Wales.
1933 - Nazi Germany leaves the League of Nations and the Geneva Conference on Disarmament.
1939 - More than 800 British sailors are killed when, at the beginning of World War II, the German submarine "U 47" sails into the British port of war and sinks the ship "Royal Oak" with torpedoes.
In World War II, the Germans shot about 6,000 civilians from Kraljevo and the surrounding area.
On the same day, 2,950 civilians were shot in Draginac near Loznica.
1944 - British and Greek forces liberate Athens, which has been under German occupation since April 1941.
1947 - During a test flight of a U.S. jet-powered military aircraft, Captain Charles Jaeger becomes the first man to break through a sound barrier.
1964 - Martin Luther King, American black human rights activist, receives the Nobel Peace Prize.
1973 - A government in Thailand, Tanoma Kitikachorna, is forced to resign after the army rejects his request to suppress student demonstrations by force.
1988 - Egyptian Nagib Mahfuz becomes the first Arab writer to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1994 - The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded