January 14


January 23, 2022

January 14 is the fourteenth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 351 days (352 in leap years) remain in the year after this day.


1301 - The reign of Arpad over Hungary ends with the death of Andrew III. 1504 - Pope Leo X issued a papal bull against slavery. Spain annexed Cuba. 1761 - A third battle of Panipat is fought in India between Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durran and Marat. 1784 - A peace treaty with Britain is ratified by the United States, formally ending the American War of Independence. 1809 - Britain and Spain make an alliance against the French Emperor Napoleon I. 1814 - King Frederick VI of Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden under the Treaty of Kiel in exchange for the return of Pomerania. 1826 - Matica Srpska is founded in Pest on the initiative of Jovan Hadzic (Milos Svetic) and rich Serbian merchants from Pest and Buda, Gavril Bozitovac, Jovan Demetrovic, Josif Milovuk, Petar Rajic, Andrija Rozmirovic and George Stankovic. That literary and cultural society, which played a huge role in the flourishing of science and culture of Serbs in Vojvodina, soon began to publish "Letopis Matice srpske", the oldest Serbian literary magazine. The Matica was moved to Novi Sad in 1864, where it is now. 1840 - Savindan is declared a school holiday in the Principality of Serbia, a holiday in memory of the great Serbian educator and protector of education Saint Sava, the father of Serbian statehood, the first Serbian archbishop, the founder of Serbian diplomacy, literature, legislation and health. The first celebration of Saint Sava as a school patron was held in 1812 in Zemun, from where it quickly spread to all parts of Serbia, and the anthem to Saint Sava was performed for the first time in 1839 in Szeged. 1842 - In Irig, the Serbian writer and abbot of the Krušedol monastery Dimitrije Krestić opened the first Serbian reading room with a library, which he founded. For the whole century, the reading room received all the important Serbian and Yugoslav press and foreign magazines, but this precious collection was destroyed by the Ustashas in 1944 during the Second World War by bombing the library building. 1858 - Napoleon III escapes an assassination attempt. 1867 - Within the framework of the Balkan National Liberation Alliances against the Ottoman Empire, the Government of Serbia in Bucharest concludes an agreement with the Bulgarian Revolutionary Committee on the creation of

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