October 16


May 19, 2022

October 16 (October 16) is the 289th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (290th in leap years). There are 76 days remaining until the end of the year.


456 - Magister militum Ricimer defeats Emperor Avita at Piacenza and becomes lord of the Western Roman Empire. 1793 - Marie Antoinette is executed on the guillotine 1813 - The historic Battle of the Peoples near Leipzig begins, in which the forces of the Sixth Anti-Napoleonic Coalition defeat Napoleon's troops and force him to withdraw across the Rhine on October 19. 1837 - Serbian Prince Milos Obrenovic issues a decree abolishing all types of kuluks, except kuluks for the maintenance of roads and bridges. 1846 - A major anesthetic operation is performed for the first time. U.S. surgeon John Warren used ether as an anesthetic to remove a tumor from a patient at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. 1858 The first issue of the magazine Školski list, the first pedagogical magazine in Serbia, was published. 1872 - Sima Lozanić was appointed substitute for chemistry and chemical technology at the Great School in Serbia at the department headed by Mihailo Rašković. 1910 - One of the pioneers of the Serbian Air Force, Ivan Sarić, performed, in front of thousands of spectators in Subotica, a flight with a wooden "monoplane" that he constructed himself. At a height of 30 meters in a wide arc flew around the equestrian racetrack. The aircraft is on display at the Aviation Museum in Surcin. 1946 - Nuremberg Trials: Execution of convicted Nazi leaders. 1953 - The first issue of the Evening News is published. 1964 - China launches the first atomic bomb and becomes the world's fifth-largest nuclear weapon. 1973 - US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese politician Le Duc To receive the Nobel Peace Prize for successfully concluding peace talks. Le Duc To refused to accept the award. 1978 - Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla is elected the 264th head of the Roman Catholic Church as the first non-Italian pope after 456 years, who later takes the name John Paul II. 1984 - A black Anglican bishop of Johannesburg, Desmond Tutu, receives the Nobel Peace Prize, as the second prominent figure in the black majority in South Africa to receive the award. Former President of the African National Congress Albert John Lutuli won the 1960 Nobel Peace Prize. 1996 - 78 people are killed and more than 100 injured in a stadium in the Guatemalan capital