July 16 (July 16) is the 197th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (198th in leap years). There are 168 days remaining until the end of the year.
1054 - Cardinal Humbert of Silva Candide, envoy of Pope Leo IX, and Patriarch Michael of Constantinople excommunicate each other, which is considered the final act of the Great Schism.
1212 - Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, one of the most important battles of the Reconquista.
1661 - For the first time in Europe, a bank issues paper notes. This was done by the Stockholm Bank.
1790 - US President George Washington signs the Residence Act, approving a location along the Potomac River as the future capital of the United States, which would later become Washington.
1861 - The Serbian National Theater is founded in Novi Sad.
1867 - Joseph Monier, French gardener, patents reinforced concrete in Paris.
1917 - An attempt by the Bolsheviks to seize power in Russia is thwarted. Leo Trotsky was arrested, and Lenin withdrew illegally.
1925 - A session of Iraq's first elected parliament begins in Baghdad.
1935 - The world's first parking meter is installed in Oklahoma City.
1945 - In the desert near the city of Alamogordo in New Mexico, the US military conducts the Trinity Test, the first atomic bomb test.
1950 - At the Maracana Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, the Uruguayan football team defeats Brazil 2-1 in the World Cup final.
1951 - King Leopold III of Belgium abdicates in favor of his son Baudouin.
1965 - An 11.6 km long tunnel under Mont Blanc opens, connecting Italy and France.
1969 - Apollo 11, an American spacecraft, is launched from Cape Canavarello on a historic mission to the moon.
1976 - A former Portuguese colony of East Timor is annexed by Indonesia, making Indonesia the 27th province.
1979 - Saddam Hussein becomes president of Iraq.
1990 - An earthquake in the Philippines kills more than 1,600 people.
1994 - Parts of the comet Schumacher-Livy 9 begin to hit the planet Jupiter, and the first fragment caused a fireball whose temperature reached about 24,000 K.
1998 - Albanians from Kosovo and Metohija constitute a parallel Kosovo parliament. Police occupied the premises and seized documents on the work of the parliament.
Juan Antonio Samaran, President of the International Olympic Committee since 1980, retired and then was appointed Honorary President.