June 17


May 19, 2022

June 17 (June 17) is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years). There are 197 days remaining until the end of the year.


1397 - Queen Margaret I of Denmark unites Denmark, Sweden and Norway into the Kalmar Union. 1579 - English navigator and pirate Francis Drake declares English sovereignty over New Albion, now California. 1665 - The Portuguese and British defeat the Spaniards at Montes Claros. With another victory over the Spaniards, at Villa Visiosa, the Portuguese re-established the independence of Portugal. 1775 - American colonists inflict heavy losses on British forces at Banker Hill. 1789 - A law is approved by members of the Third Class in the French Parliament, abolishing the veto. 1843 - A revolt of Maori natives against the British begins in New Zealand. The Maori were defeated in 1871 and retreated inland. 1848 - Austrian troops under General Alfred Windischgretz quell a Czech uprising in Prague. 1867 - English surgeon Joseph Lister uses antiseptic for the first time in medical history to operate on his sister Isabella. 1925 - The Geneva Protocol is signed, banning the use of war poisons in war. The protocol was signed by 29 countries. 1930 - US President Herbert Hoover signs the Smooth-Howley Tariff Act. 1940 - The Soviet Red Army occupies Latvia and Estonia and establishes a pro-Soviet administration. 1940 - A Luftwaffe sinks HMT Lancaster near Saint-Nazaire, killing some 3,000 people. 1944 - Iceland becomes an independent republic after its people decide in a referendum to secede from Denmark. 1947 - Burma's Constituent Assembly decides to declare an independent Republic of Burma. 1950 - Richard Lawler performs the first kidney transplant operation in Chicago. 1953 - Soviet troops quell an uprising in East Germany. 1963 - In the Abington School District case, the US Supreme Court is against Shemp against reciting Bible and Father's verses in public schools. 1967 - China tests the first hydrogen bomb. 1971 - A treaty is signed between the United States and Japan to return the island of Okinawa to Japanese sovereignty. 1972 - Five White House operatives are arrested for breaking into the offices of the National Democratic Committee in an attempt by some members.