1814

Article

January 27, 2022

1814 was a free year.

Events

January

January 14 - King Frederick VI of Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden under the Treaty of Kiel in exchange for the return of Pomerania.

February

February 8 - Battle of Minch February 10 - Battle of Shanpober February 12 - Battle of Chateau-Thierry (1814) February 27 - Battle of Bar-sur-Oba

March

March 7 - A French army under Napoleon Bonaparte defeats the combined Prussian-Russian army at the Battle of Craon. March 9 - March 10 - Battle of Lana March 28 - The British Royal Navy defeats the US Navy at the Battle of Valparaiso.

April

April 1 - The first gas-powered street lamps are installed in London. April 4 - Napoleon Bonaparte abdicates for the first time and names his son Napoleon II emperor of France.

April

April 11 - An agreement is reached from Fontainebleau, according to which Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated and was exiled to the island of Elba.

May

May 17 - Norway declares independence from Sweden and adopts a new constitution. May 30 - The Peace of Paris is signed, ending the war of the sixth coalition.

August

July 26 - August 14 - Swedish-Norwegian War

August

August 13 - The United Kingdom and representatives of the Netherlands sign an agreement to return pre-Napoleonic territories to the Dutch, except for the Cape of Good Hope. August 23 - The British occupy Washington in the Second Anglo-American War, burning and destroying the city.

September

September 1 - Beginning of the Congress of Vienna September 11 - American ships defeat British ships in the Battle of Lake Champaign, thwarting a British invasion of the northern United States. September 13 - British forces attack the American fortress of Fort McHenry during the Battle of Baltimore, which later inspired Francis Scott Kee to write A Flag Decorated with Stars, the future anthem of the United States. September 19 - Hadži Prodan's revolt broke out in Požega Nahija.

October

November

November 4 - The Constitution of Norway is proclaimed, making the country an independent kingdom bound to Sweden by a personal union.

December

Birth

August

August 11 - Ivan Mazuranic, Croatian writer and politician August 13 - Anders Jonas Angstrem, Swedish physicist († 1874)

Deaths

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