November 19


January 21, 2022

November 19 (November 19) is the 323rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (324th in leap years). There are 42 days remaining until the end of the year.


461 - Western Roman military leader Richimer proclaims Senator Libya of the North emperor. 1493 - Christopher Columbus discovers Puerto Rico on his second voyage. 1796 - Led by Bishop Peter I Petrovic Njegos, the Montenegrins defeated the Turks in Krusi, and the Skadar pasha Mahmut Bushatlija was killed in the battle, who tried to conquer Montenegro with 23,000 soldiers. 1824 - A law is approved by the Mexican Parliament to make the country independent. 1841 - The Society of Serbian Literature is founded, and this was confirmed by Prince Mihailo with his seal and signature. Its founders were Jovan Sterija Popović and Atanasije Nikolić. 1866 - The war between Austria and Italy ends seven weeks later with the Treaty of Vienna, which gives Italy the province of Veneto and the city of Venice. 1906 - A radio conference in Berlin accepts the SOS as an international signal for help. 1942 - George Zhukov launches Operation Uranus, which changes the course of the Battle of Stalingrad. 1969 - Pele scores his 1000th career goal against Vasco de Gama. 1985 - Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time. 1932 - Iraq gains independence and becomes a member of the League of Nations. 1949 - Renier is crowned Prince of Monaco. 1952 - The United Kingdom tests the first atomic bomb on the Monte Belo Islands off the northwest coast of Australia. 1954 - Nine Western countries decide to admit West Germany to NATO and involve it even more firmly in the West's Cold War rivalry with the East. 1968 - Peruvian President Fernando Belaunde Terry is overthrown in a military coup by the left-wing National Revolutionary Junta, led by General Juan Velasco Alvarado. 1981 - Seven months later, Irish nationalists end a hunger strike at the Maze Prison in Belfast against British authorities, killing 10 strikers. 1990 - The two German states are united after the collapse of the Third Reich in World War II and the German Democratic Republic ceases to exist. 1991 - The Presidency of the SFRY went to work in conditions of imminent danger of war, estimating that a civil war was imminent and that they

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