February 19

Article

January 23, 2022

February 19 is the fiftieth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 315 days (316 in leap years) remain in the year after this day.

Events

197 - Emperor Septimius Severus defeats usurper Claudius Albinus at the Battle of Lungdunum. 356 - Emperor Constantius II issues a decree closing all pagan temples in the Roman Empire. 1674 - The Peace of Westminster is signed, ending the Anglo-Dutch War, and New Holland, now New York, is annexed by England. 1797 - Pope Pius VI signs the Treaty of Toronto with Napoleon Bonaparte, according to which Bologna, Romagna and Ferrara belong to France. 1807 - A British fleet passes through the Dardanelles to join Russian forces in the war against Turkey. 1912 - A chess tournament begins in San Sebastian, Spain. 1918 - A Soviet Central Executive Committee issues a decree banning private ownership of land, water and natural resources. 1922 - The first issue of the newspaper "Borba" was published in Zagreb, backed by the illegal Communist Party of Yugoslavia. The paper was banned on January 13, 1929. It was republished in the Second World War in Užice at the end of 1941 and in the Bosnian Krajina from October 1942 to February 1943. After the war, it continued to be published in Belgrade as a daily. 1942 - Japanese planes bomb the city of Darwin and a nearby military base in the first attack on Australia in World War II. The attack killed 243 Australians, sank eight ships and destroyed 23 planes. 1943 - Axis forces attack Allied forces in Tunisia near the Kaserin Pass. 1945 - US forces land on the Pacific island of Iwo Jima in World War II. More than 6,800 Americans were killed in the fighting, which lasted until March 26, when the Japanese surrendered. 1959 - A treaty of independence is signed in London between Britain, Greece and Turkey, ending an uprising against British colonial rule. 1976 - Iceland breaks off diplomatic relations with Great Britain after unsuccessful negotiations between the two countries on the right to fish in disputed waters, thus starting the so-called "cod war". 1977 - A Yugoslav-Romanian agreement on further joint use of the Danube and the construction of the Djerdap II hydroelectric power plant is signed in Bucharest. 1978 - Egyptian forces launch an unsuccessful landing

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