1940

Article

May 21, 2022

1940 was a leap year.

Events

January

February

February 16 - Sailors from the British destroyer HMS Kozak board the German tanker Altmark and release 299 British prisoners of war.

March

March 12 - After the defeat in the Winter War, Finland signs the Moscow Peace Agreement with the Soviet Union, leaving almost all of Karelia to him.

April

April 9 - German troops attack Denmark and Norway in World War II in Operation Weseribung.

May

May 10 - Germany invades the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg without declaring war, and Britain occupies the former Danish colony of Iceland after the German invasion of Denmark. May 10 - Winston Churchill is elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in place of Neville Chamberlain. May 14 - During negotiations to surrender the Dutch army in World War II, German bombers destroy two-thirds of Rotterdam, killing about a thousand people and leaving 80,000 homeless. May 21 - Franco-British forces counterattack at the Battle of Aras slows German advances in northeastern France.

Jun

June 3 - The evacuation of more than 337,000 British, French and Belgian troops from Dunkirk during the Battle of France is completed. June 8 - German cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneissenau sink the British aircraft carrier Glorius and the destroyers Ardent and Akasta in World War II, killing more than 1,500 people. June 14 - Germans capture Paris during the Battle of France. June 17 - The Soviet Red Army occupies Latvia and Estonia and establishes a pro-Soviet administration. June 17 - The Luftwaffe sinks HMT Lancaster near Saint-Nazaire, killing about 3,000 people. June 18 - French General Charles de Gaulle from London sends a radio message to the French in which he declares himself the leader of Free France, and calls on the French to resist the German occupation. June 22 - France signs capitulation in Compiègne in World War II.

Jul

July 3 - The British disable a large part of the French fleet stationed in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria, in order not to come into German possession. July 9 - Battle of Calabria July 10 - The battle for Britain in World War II begins with the attack of German bombers on British convoys in Lithuania.