1945

Article

January 21, 2022

1945 was a free year.

Events

January

January 1 - The People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia (NOVJ) is officially renamed the Yugoslav Army (JA), and the Supreme Headquarters is the General Staff. January 17 - Soviet troops and Polish forces liberate Warsaw in World War II. January 19 - The Red Army liberates the Lodz Ghetto. January 20 - Germany begins evacuating at least 1.8 million people in East Prussia. January 23 - German Grand Admiral Karl Denitz orders the start of Operation Hannibal, which became one of the largest evacuations by sea in history, with more than a million people transferred in 15 weeks. January 27 - Allied troops liberate Auschwitz.

February

February 4 - Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin meet at the Crimean Conference in Yalta to agree on actions to end World War II and plans for the post-war period. February 19 - US forces land on the Pacific island of Iwo Jima in World War II.

March

March 4 - The Red Star sports association is founded. March 5 - US troops enter Cologne during World War II. March 7 - Suppressing Japanese forces in World War II, the British 14th Army enters Mandalay, Burma's second largest city. US troops captured the strategically important Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine during the Battle of Remagen in World War II, which enabled them to establish and expand a bridgehead on German soil. After the resignation of the royal government, Josip Broz Tito formed a new Yugoslav government, which included the head of the Democratic Party, Milan Grol, as the first vice president, and Ivan Shubasic, as the Minister of Foreign Affairs. March 9 - Japanese Imperial Army officers overthrow French Indochina authorities. Late in the evening, the U.S. Armed Forces began indiscriminate bombing of Tokyo with incendiary bombs, in which about 100,000 civilians were killed during the night. March 11 - The Japanese establish a puppet Vietnamese empire led by Emperor Bao Dai. A conference of leaders of the three great powers of the anti-Hitler coalition, which coordinated military plans to end World War II and agreed on the founding of the United Nations, ended in Yalta, Crimea. March 14 - British Air Force on the railway viaduct in the United States

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