1946

Article

May 19, 2022

1946 was a free year.

Events

January

January 7 - Western powers recognize Austria within 1937. January 31 - The first constitution of socialist Yugoslavia is adopted, establishing it as a federation of six republics.

February

February 1 - Hungary is proclaimed a republic, with President Zoltan Tildi and Prime Minister Ferenc Nagy. February 14 - ENIAC, the first general-purpose electronic computer, begins operating at the American University of Pennsylvania.

March

March 5 - Winston Churchill first uses the term "Iron Curtain" in the context of the Cold War division in a speech at the University of Westminster in Fulton. March 6 - France recognizes Vietnam as an autonomous state within the Indochina Federation. March 13 - OZNE members arrest Chetnik leader in World War II Dragoljub Mihailovic.

April

April 1 - The construction of the Brcko-Banovici railway began with the first youth work action in post-war Yugoslavia. April 8 - The last session of the League of Nations is held in Geneva, formally abolishing it and replacing it with the United Nations. April 12 - Syria gains independence from France.

May

May 9 - Italian King Vittorio Emanuele III abdicates and is succeeded by his son Umberto II. May 21 - Physicist Louis Slotin is fatally irradiated during an experiment with a "demon nucleus" at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Jun

June 2 - Italians vote for the republic in a referendum, rejecting the Savoy dynasty monarchy. June 4 - General Juan Perón is elected President of Argentina.

Jul

July 4 - The Philippines gains independence after 47 years of US rule. July 15 - The Belgrade trial is over, the trial of Dragoljub Mihalovic and twenty-three other indictees. July 17 - Based on a court ruling, Draza Mihailovic, leader of the Chetnik movement during World War II in Yugoslavia, is shot dead. July 25 - The United States conducts the first underwater atomic test on the coral Bikini Islands in the western Pacific.

December

December 19 - The First Indochina War begins when Vietnamese attack French colonial troops in Hanoi.

Date unknown

Wikipedia: Unknown date - Nationalization of property of pre-war industries�