1954

Article

May 19, 2022

1954 was a free year.

Events

January

January 17 - Milovan Djilas is removed from all positions.

February

February 25 - Egyptian President Muhammad Nagib is forced to resign, and Gamal Abdel Nasser takes over all power as Prime Minister and President of the Revolutionary Council.

March

March 1 - The Castle Bravo hydrogen bomb is detonated on the Pacific island of Bikini, causing one of the worst cases of radioactive contamination caused by nuclear weapons testing.

April

April 26 - International Conference on Korea and Indochina opens in Geneva.

May

May 7 - Vietnam's army defeats the French at Dien Bien Phu, ending French domination of Indochina. May 10 - Bill Haley and Comet release Rock Around the Clock, the first rock and roll record to reach number one on the music charts. May 17 - The U.S. Supreme Court challenges a 1896 regulation that education should be "separate but equal," formally rejecting racial segregation in the public school system.

Jun

June 6 - Eurovision, the television network of European countries, starts broadcasting the "Flower Festival" event from Switzerland. June 11 - US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a law that added the words under God to the oath to the US flag. June 27 - The world's first nuclear power plant opens in Obninsk, near Moscow.

Jul

July 31 - An Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio first conquers the peak of Godwin Austin, known as K2, on Karakorum, the second highest mountain peak in the world, 8,611 m high.

September

September 8 - In Manila, the United States, the Philippines, Australia, New Zealand, Thailand, Pakistan, the United Kingdom and France establish the SEATO Pact, conceived as a link in America's global strategy to encircle the Soviet Union.

October

October 5 - London Agreement (1954) October 26 - With the resignation of the last British manager of Zone A, the Free Territory of Trieste is officially divided between Italy and SFR Yugoslavia.

November

December

December 2 - US Senate reprimands Senator Joseph McCarthy for his brutal conduct during an investigation against thousands of people suspected of