1960

Article

January 21, 2022

1960 was a leap year.

Events

January

January 1 - Cameroon gains independence. January 23 - Bathyscaphe Trieste dives to a record depth of 10,916 m in the Challenger area of ​​the Marian Trench. January 24 - A major uprising in Algeria against French colonial rule.

February

February 13 - France tests its first atomic bomb.

March

March 21 - At least 79 people are killed and more than 180 wounded in the South African city of Sharpeville when police opened fire on peaceful black demonstrations against the racist regime.

April

April 1 - The United States launches the first time satellite, TIROS-1 April 2 - France signs an agreement with Madagascar, making Madagascar an independent state after 64 years of French colonial rule. April 4 - The first three female priestesses are ordained in Sweden. April 4 - France and the Federation of Mali (Senegal and Sudan) sign an agreement by which the Federation of Mali gains independence. April 19 - South Korea's first president, Singman Ri, resigns under pressure from student protests across the country over election fraud. April 21 - In Brazil, the state capital (Federal District) is transferred from Rio de Janeiro to Brazil.

May

May 1 - A US U-2 spy plane is shot down in the Soviet Union. May 9 - The United States becomes the first country to legalize birth control pills. May 10 - The Nautilus nuclear submarine completes its first underwater voyage. May 15 - Sputnik 4 is launched into Earth orbit. May 16 - Theodore Mayman demonstrates the first laser. May 22 - The strongest earthquake ever recorded in Chile, with a magnitude of 9.5 on the Richter scale. May 23 - Israeli secret service agents Mossad capture Adolf Eichmann hiding in Argentina. May 27 - A military coup overthrows the government of Adnan Menderes in Turkey, and the National Unity Committee, headed by General Kemal Girsel, takes power.

Jun

June 20 - The short-lived Federation of Mali, made up of the Republic of Sudan (now Mali) and Senegal, gains independence from France. June 26 - British territory of Somalia gains independence from Britain. June 30 - Belgian Congo gains independence from Belgium.

Jul

July 1 - Ghana becomes a turnip

INSERT INTO `wiki_article`(`id`, `article_id`, `title`, `article`, `img_url`) VALUES ('NULL()','1960','1960','','')