1965

Article

October 19, 2021

1965 was a simple year.

Events

January

January 1 - A Palestinian Liberation Organization is formed under the leadership of Fatah leader Yasser Arafat.

February

February 9 - First US troops are sent to South Vietnam. February 19 - Declaration of independence of the African state of Gambia within the British Commonwealth. February 20 - NASA's Ranger 8 spacecraft successfully sends 7,137 images of the Moon in the last 23 minutes of its mission before crashing into the Sea of ​​Tranquility.

March

March 2 - US and South Vietnamese air forces begin Operation Rolling Thunder, a three-year campaign to bomb North Vietnam. March 7 - State and local police in Selma beat up a group of about 600 civil rights activists during a march on Montgomery. March 18 - During the flight of the spaceship "Sunrise 2", Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov got out of the spacecraft and became the first man to go into outer space.

April

May

Jun

June 8 - US Army in South Vietnam is authorized to undertake offensive operations. June 19 - The Civil Rights Act is passed by the US Congress after an 83-day filibuster. June 19 - General Huari Boumedienne overthrows Algerian President Ahmed bin Bela.

Jul

July 14 - Mariner 4, an American spacecraft launched in 1964, takes the first photographs of Mars. July 16 - An 11.6 km long tunnel under Mont Blanc was opened, connecting Italy and France.

August

August 6 - US President Lyndon Johnson signs the Voting Act, bringing it into force. August 9 - Malaysia expels Singapore from its membership due to a fierce ideological conflict between their ruling parties.

October

November

November 25 - A military coup led by General Joseph Mobutu overthrows President Joseph Casa-Wubu in Congo.

December

December 7 - Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras and Pope Paul VI abolish the mutual excommunication of the two churches, which in 1054 began the schism between the two Christian churches.

Births

January

January 4 - Julia Ormond, English actress January 4 - Guy Forge, French tennis player January 5 - Winnie Jones, English-Welsh actor and footballer January 9 - Maggie Bougs, American basket

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