October 19, 2021

1965 was a simple year.



January 1 - A Palestinian Liberation Organization is formed under the leadership of Fatah leader Yasser Arafat.


February 9 - First US troops are sent to South Vietnam. February 19 - Declaration of independence of the African state of Gambia within the British Commonwealth. February 20 - NASA's Ranger 8 spacecraft successfully sends 7,137 images of the Moon in the last 23 minutes of its mission before crashing into the Sea of ​​Tranquility.


March 2 - US and South Vietnamese air forces begin Operation Rolling Thunder, a three-year campaign to bomb North Vietnam. March 7 - State and local police in Selma beat up a group of about 600 civil rights activists during a march on Montgomery. March 18 - During the flight of the spaceship "Sunrise 2", Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov got out of the spacecraft and became the first man to go into outer space.




June 8 - US Army in South Vietnam is authorized to undertake offensive operations. June 19 - The Civil Rights Act is passed by the US Congress after an 83-day filibuster. June 19 - General Huari Boumedienne overthrows Algerian President Ahmed bin Bela.


July 14 - Mariner 4, an American spacecraft launched in 1964, takes the first photographs of Mars. July 16 - An 11.6 km long tunnel under Mont Blanc was opened, connecting Italy and France.


August 6 - US President Lyndon Johnson signs the Voting Act, bringing it into force. August 9 - Malaysia expels Singapore from its membership due to a fierce ideological conflict between their ruling parties.



November 25 - A military coup led by General Joseph Mobutu overthrows President Joseph Casa-Wubu in Congo.


December 7 - Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras and Pope Paul VI abolish the mutual excommunication of the two churches, which in 1054 began the schism between the two Christian churches.



January 4 - Julia Ormond, English actress January 4 - Guy Forge, French tennis player January 5 - Winnie Jones, English-Welsh actor and footballer January 9 - Maggie Bougs, American basket

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