June 23


July 5, 2022

June 23 (June 23) is the 174th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (175th in a leap year). There are still 191 days until the end of the year.


1501 — Portuguese sailor Pedro Cabral returned from a voyage where he occupied the area of ​​present-day Brazil and named it Ilha da Vera Cruz. The first settlements in the area were founded by the Portuguese in 1521. 1757 — The British won the Battle of Plassey with the Indian governor of Bengal, and consolidated their power in Eastern India. 1785 — The Turkish army of the Skadar vizier Mahmud Pasha Bušatlija entered Cetinje and demolished the Cetinje monastery for the third time. 1791 - French King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette are discovered trying to escape and arrested at Varennes. 1848 — The June uprising of the Parisian workers began due to the expulsion of the socialists from the provisional government and the closing of the national workshops. The uprising was suppressed in three days by General Louis Cavenjak. 1945 - The Japanese commander, General Mitsuru Ushijima, committed suicide after the defeat of the Japanese army on the island of Okinawa, in one of the bloodiest battles of World War II. According to official data, 234,183 soldiers and civilians died during the fighting for Okinawa. 1947 — The US Congress passed the Taft-Hartley Act, which limited workers' right to strike. The head of state received the right to suspend for 80 days any strike action that he deems dangerous to national security. 1956 — Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser elected president of Egypt. 1960 — Patrice Lumumba became the first Prime Minister of the newly independent state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 1970 - Japanese students clashed with police in Tokyo during a large demonstration against the extension of the US-Japan security pact. 1985 — An Air India Boeing 747 exploded over the Atlantic Ocean. All 329 passengers and crew members died. Sikh separatists accused of planting a bomb on the plane. 1993 - Nigerian dictator, General Ibrahim Babangida, annuls the June 12 presidential election and prevents the return of democracy. 1994 — After a decade of international isolation due to the apartheid policy, South Africa regains its seat in the United Nations General Assembly. 1999 — Yugoslav economists from the non-governmental Group 17 estimated that the total economic damage after the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia was 29 billion and 608 million.