July 24 (7/24) is the 205th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (206th in a leap year). There are still 160 days until the end of the year.
1567 — Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, is forced to abdicate due to anti-Protestant policies. The following year, she escaped to England, where she was imprisoned, and after 18 years of blackmail, she was accused of participating in treason and executed.
1701 — Antoine de la Motte Cadillac founded the Pontchartrain trade center on the shores of Lake Michigan, which later developed into the city of Detroit.
1704 - British forces under Admiral George Rook take Gibraltar from the Spanish.
1783 — The Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti and the Russian Empire signed the Treaty of Georgiev, making Georgia a Russian protectorate.
1799 — Napoleon won his last victory in the conquest of Egypt, defeating the Turkish army at Abukir.
1804 — The Serbian pursuit led by Milenko Stojković captured and executed Belgrade dahijes Aganlija, Kučuk Alija, Mula Jusuf and Mehmed Fočić on the Danube island of Ada Kale.
1824 — The results of the world's first public opinion poll were published in the US state of Delaware on the eve of the US presidential election.
1866 — Tennessee became the first US state to be readmitted to the Union after the American Civil War.
1883 - Matthew Webb, the first man to swim across the English Channel in 1875, drowned while attempting to swim across the river above Niagara Falls.
1923 — A peace treaty was signed in Lausanne between Turkey and the Allied Powers in which Turkey renounced all non-Turkish territories it lost in the First World War, but received the Adriatic Sea and Eastern Thrace, thus definitively determining the borders of the European part of the Turkish state.
1943 — By bombing Hamburg, the Allied Air Force began Operation Gomorrah in World War II.
1946 — The US conducted the first underwater atomic test on the Bikini Atolls in the western Pacific.
1967 — French President Charles de Gaulle ends his speech in Montreal by exclaiming "Long live free Quebec!", prompting a sharp protest from Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson. De Gaulle was forced to cut short his visit to Canada.
1972 — Yugoslav security services captured the last members of the Bugojan group.
1974 — Konstantin Karamanlis is, after seven years