December 29

Article

May 19, 2022

December 29 (December 29) is the 363rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (364th in leap years). There are 2 more days until the end of the year.

Events

1170 - Archbishop Thomas Beckett is assassinated by order of King Henry II of England in front of the altar of Canterbury Cathedral. 1721 - The French occupy the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean. The island fell under British rule in 1810 and gained independence in 1968. 1890 - US troops kill more than 200 Sioux Indians at the Wounded Knee in South Dakota, including a large number of women and children. 1911 - The Revolutionary Provisional Assembly elects Xuan Yat-sen as China's first president, ending the monarchy after more than three millennia. 1914 - The Battle of Sarikamish begins in World War I, in which the much weaker Russian army inflicts a heavy defeat on the Turkish army. The Turks lost 77,000 of the 95,000 troops. 1920 - The Government of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes banned the work of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. 1937 - A free state of Ireland is replaced by a new state called Ireland, with the introduction of a new constitution. 1940 - German air force carries out the heaviest bombing of London in World War II, causing the British capital the most damage since the "Great Fire" of 1666, when four-fifths of the city was destroyed. 1944 - Soviet troops enter Budapest during World War II. 1973 - Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos continues to rule after the end of his second presidential term, although he could not be re-elected under the Constitution. Based on the state of emergency he imposed in 1972, he ruled by decrees until he was overthrown in the 1986 uprising. 1989 - Czechoslovak parliament elects Czech writer Vaclav Havel, a longtime dissident under the communist regime, who spent five years in prison as an "enemy of the state". Havel succeeded Gustav Husak, who had previously resigned under public pressure. 1992 - The Yugoslav Parliament votes no confidence in the first Yugoslav government and replaces the Prime Minister, Serbian businessman Milan Panic. Deputy Prime Minister Radoje Kontić has been appointed Acting Prime Minister. Panic's removal follows his clashes with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic over the implementation of a peace policy towards the former Yugoslav