August 3

Article

August 11, 2022

August 3 (3.08.) is the 215th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (216th in a leap year). There are still 150 days until the end of the year.

Events

1347 — King Edward III of England captured the French city of Calais in the Hundred Years' War, which remained under English rule until 1558. 1571 — After an eleven-month siege, the Turks captured the city of Famagusta in Cyprus and massacred the population. 1675 — The French defeat the Dutch and Spanish fleets at Palermo and capture Sicily. 1858 — English explorer John Speke discovered Lake Victoria, the source of the Nile River. 1881 — British troops occupied the Egyptian city of Suez, which enabled the United Kingdom to become the owner of the entire Suez Canal zone in 1883. 1884 — The railroad bridge in Belgrade on the Sava River was completed, and the following month the Zemun-Belgrade railroad was put into service. The bridge was destroyed in both world wars and then rebuilt. 1903 — Macedonian insurgents in Kruševo proclaimed the Republic of Kruševo, which lasted ten days. 1904 — The British invaded Tibet and captured the capital, Lhasa, and the religious leader, the Dalai Lama, fled to the Mongolian capital of Urga (Ulaanbaatar). 1914 - Germany declares war on France, Belgium rejects Germany's request for its troops to enter the country, and Great Britain warns Germany that an invasion of Belgium would mean general war in Europe. 1936 - American athlete Jesse Owens won the first of four gold medals at the Olympic Games in Berlin with a long jump of 8.06 meters. 1940 — Lithuania formally became part of the USSR under the name Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic. 1940 - Italy begins invasion of British Somaliland. 1958 — Under the command of William Anderson, the American nuclear submarine Nautilus was the first to pass under the ice at the North Pole. 1996 — The United Nations says the Tutsi army in Burundi killed thousands of Hutu civilians in a series of massacres between April and July.

Births

1770 - Friedrich Wilhelm III, King of Prussia (1797-1840). (d. 1840) 1832 - Ivan Zajc, Croatian composer, conductor and pedagogue. (d. 1914) 1872 - Haakon VII of Norway, King of Norway (1905-1957). (d. 1957) 1854 - Vladimir Matijević, Serbian merchant and philanthropist. (d. 1929) 1883 — Albert Haller, Croatian writer. (d. 1945) 1903 - Habib Bourguiba, the first president of Tunisia. (pre�