January 30


May 19, 2022

January 30 is the thirtieth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 335 days (336 in leap years) remain in the year after this day.


1018 - The German-Polish War ends with the signing of the Peace of Bautzen between the Holy Roman Emperor Heinrich II and the Polish Prince Boleslaw I. 1648 - The signing of the Peace of Minster marks the end of the Eighty Years' War between Spain and the United Provinces of the Netherlands. 1649 - King Charles I is executed in London for treason after defeating his forces in a civil war with Oliver Cromwell's Republican forces. 1661 - Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, is ritually executed two years after his death, on the anniversary of the king's overthrow. 1661 - A Polish-Lithuanian state union cedes Kiev, Smolensk, and part of Ukraine east of the Dnieper to the Russian Empire under an Andrusovo armistice. 1826 - The Menay Bridge opens between Wales and the Isle of Anglesey, considered the first modern suspension bridge. 1841 - A fire destroys two-thirds of the Puerto Rican city of Mayaguez. 1847 - The city of Jerba Buena in California is renamed San Francisco. 1862 - The first American armored vehicle, the USS Monitor, is launched. 1913 - The British House of Lords rejects the Irish Self-Government Act. 1933 - Adolf Hitler is sworn in as German chancellor. 1937 - Thirteen Communist Party officials are sentenced to death for allegedly participating in Leo Trotsky's plot against the top of the state. 1937 - Adolf Hitler declares in the Reichstag that Germany is withdrawing its signature from the Versailles Peace Treaty. 1943 - The Royal Air Force begins the first day and night bombing of Berlin. 1945 - Wilhelm Gustoff, overcrowded with German refugees, sinks in the Baltic Sea after being torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, killing about 9,500 people, the largest maritime accident. 1964 - For the first time in the history of cosmonautics in the USSR, satellites launched into different orbits with the help of one rocket, "Electron 1" and "Electron 2" 1967 - Pope Paul VI meets with President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR Nikolai Podgorny, the first head of the Soviet state to visit the Vatican. 1968 - A month-long Tet offensive begins in the Vietnam War, under the command of North Vietnamese General Vo Ngu�