December 31 (December 31) is the 365th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (366th in leap years). This is the last day of the year.
406 - Traditionally, the Germanic tribes Vandali, Alani and Svevi crossed the Rhine, marking the end of the Roman Rhine Limes.
1494 - The forces of French King Charles VIII enter Rome.
1600 - Queen Elizabeth I of England issues a charter establishing the East India Company.
1879 - American inventor Thomas Alva Edison demonstrates for the first time an electric light bulb in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
1881 - The first official program of chemistry for high schools (lower and higher) is published in Serbia in "Prosvetni glasnik".
1911 - Maria Curie receives the second Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her research on radioactive elements.
1922 - The board of the Serbian company "Privrednik" was visited by King Alexander I Karadjordjevic and accepted the patronage of Privrednik
1938 - A test of alcohol for drivers is officially introduced in Indianapolis, USA.
1945 - The renewed railway bridge over the Sava near Belgrade is opened to traffic for the third time.
1946 - US President Harry Truman formally declares an end to World War II.
1949 - The first Workers' Council is elected in the "Prvoborac" cement factory in Solin near Split.
1968 - Soviet supersonic passenger plane "TU-144" makes its first flight, a few months before the British-French supersonic aircraft "Concord".
1971 - Austrian politician and diplomat Kurt Waldheim takes over as UN Secretary-General after Burmese politician U Tant resigns.
1981 - A military coup led by Air Force Lt. Jerry Rawlings in Ghana overthrows the civilian government of Hilla Lyman.
1983 - A military coup overthrows President Shehu Shaghari, who comes to power in the 1979 election, ending a 13-year military rule. The new president became the head of the military junta, General Mohamed Bukhari.
1988 - An agreement is signed between the governments of India and Pakistan pledging not to attack nuclear facilities in Pakistan and India, respectively.
1991 - The Soviet Union officially ceases to exist.
1994 - The first mobile telephony network in Serbia was put into operation - Mobtel
1995 - American engineers complete the pontoon bridge over the Sava, and then American tanks and troops from the sn�