October 31

Article

December 3, 2021

October 31 (October 31) is the 304th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (305th in leap years). There are 61 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events

475 - Romulus Augustulus is proclaimed emperor of the Western Roman Empire. 683 - During the siege of Mecca, the Kaaba is destroyed in a fire. 1848 - Mexican Emperor Agustin de Iturbide dissolves the Mexican Congress and replaces him with a military junta. 1848 - Imperial troops under Field Marshal Alfred Windischgretz occupy Vienna, quelling an eight-month Vienna Uprising during which a revolutionary government is formed. 1864 - Nevada becomes a federal state of the United States. 1871 - On the basis of the Constitution of 1869 (Governor's Constitution), the first jury law in Serbia is passed, which enters into force on January 1, 1872. 1912 - The city of Peja and the whole of Metohija are liberated from the Turks. 1918 - The Hungarian government breaks off a personal union with Austria, officially dissolving Austria-Hungary. 1922 - Benito Mussolini comes to power in Italy. 1925 - Reza Shah Pahlavi comes to the Iranian throne and establishes the Pahlavi dynasty, which ruled the country until the 1979 Islamic Revolution. 1940 - A battle for Britain ends with the victory of British aviation, which the Germans began in July with heavy bombing and a naval blockade of the United Kingdom. As the British took air control of the English Channel, the Germans gave up the invasion. 1941 - During the siege of Kraljevo, members of the JVuO use tanks for the first time in the fight against the occupiers. At the head of the tank platoon was Lieutenant Sima Uzelac, later sung in the song Nad Kraljevom živa vatra seva. In the JNA, VJ and today's VS, October 31 is marked as a holiday of armored mechanized units. 1956 - A bombardment of Egyptian airports, the United Kingdom and France launch an attack on Egypt during the Suez Crisis. 1961 - In the process of de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, Stalin's remains are moved from a mausoleum on Red Square to a tomb along the Kremlin walls. 1984 - Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated in an assassination attempt by two of her Sika bodyguards. 1991 - In the first multi-party elections in Zambia, Frederic Chiluba defeats his opponent Kenneth Kaunda, the leader in the struggle for independence and the country's first president. 1999 - During the 113th football derby between "Party"

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