August 5 (08/05) is the 217th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (218th in a leap year). There are 148 days left until the end of the year.
1552 — The Turkish fleet under the command of Sinan Pasha defeated the Genoese fleet in the Battle of the Pontic Islands.
1583 — Humphrey Gilbert founded the first English colony in North America, in St. John's, Newfoundland.
1716 - Imperial Field Marshal Prince Eugene of Savoy with an army of about 83,000 soldiers inflicted a heavy defeat on the Ottoman army of 120-150,000 men under the command of Grand Vizier Damad Ali Pasha in the Battle of Petrovaradin. About 3,027 Austrian and about 5-6,000 Ottoman soldiers died in the battle. A year later, Eugene of Savoy conquered Belgrade, which remained under Habsburg rule until 1739.
1824 - The Greek fleet under the command of Constantine Kanaris defeated the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Samos.
1895 — Hastings chess tournament begins.
Montenegro declared war on Austria-Hungary.
Cuba, Mexico, Uruguay and Argentina declared neutrality in the First World War.
The first electric traffic signals to regulate different traffic directions installed at Euclid Avenue and East 105th Street in Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
1915 — The Germans occupied the Polish capital Warsaw during the First World War.
1940 — Latvia joined the USSR under the name Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic.
1941 — The battle for Smolensk ended with the surrender of about 300,000 Soviet soldiers.
1943 — Platoons from 222 artillery guns in Moscow marked the victories over German troops on the Eastern Front in the Second World War. The Soviet army liberated the cities of Orel and Belgorod.
1949 — An earthquake measuring 6.7 on the Richter scale in Ecuador killed about 6,000 people and left about 100,000 homeless.
1960 — Burkina Faso, then called Upper Volta, gained independence from France.
1963 — The USSR, the USA and the United Kingdom signed a nuclear test ban agreement in Moscow.
1974 - US President Richard Nixon admitted that he participated in the cover-up of the Watergate affair and blocked the investigation into the break-in of the Democratic Party headquarters in the Watergate business center. Resigned on August 9.
1994 — NATO planes bombed positions of the Army of the Republika Srpska around Sarajevo, as members of the Army of the Republika Srpska took part of the armor