August 6


August 19, 2022

August 6 (6.08.) is the 218th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (219th in a leap year). There are 147 days left until the end of the year.


1661 — Portugal and the Netherlands signed an agreement according to which Portugal retained Brazil and the Netherlands retained Ceylon. 1796 — In Cetinje, the Assembly of Montenegrin Elders voted "Stega", as the first written legal act in Montenegro. 1806 - Emperor Franz I of Habsburg renounced the title of Holy Roman Emperor and proclaimed himself Emperor of Austria, ending the Holy Roman Empire. 1807 — Serbian educator Dositej Obradović moved from Zemun to Uprising Serbia, where he remained until the end of his life as Karađorđe's first minister of education. 1825 — Bolivia declared independence after almost three centuries of Spanish rule. 1890 — Murderer William Kemler executed in New York's Auburn prison. It was the first electric chair execution. 1903 — Serbia Miners' Day was established in memory of August 6, 1903, when the miners of the Senj mine, near Despotovac, went on strike to fight for the return to work of three dismissed colleagues, for a reduction in working hours and free oil for lamps for lighting the pits, which they paid for it themselves until then. 1914 - Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia, and Serbia and Montenegro declared war on Germany in the First World War. 1918 — The German offensive on the Marne ended. The last major attack of the German army in the First World War ended in defeat, and about 100,000 German soldiers were killed and injured. 1926 — American swimmer Gertrude Ederle became the first woman to swim the English Channel. The drinking lasted for 14 hours. 1932 — The first Venice Film Festival was opened. 1940 — Estonia joined the USSR under the name Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic. 1941 — Ustashas killed about 600 inhabitants of the village of Prebilovci, mostly women, children and the elderly. 1945 — An atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, the first use of nuclear weapons in war. 1962 - Jamaica gained full independence from the United Kingdom, more than 300 years after the English captured it from Spanish colonists in 1655. 1965 — US President Lyndon Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act into law, putting it into effect. 1991 — The Presidency of Yugoslavia unanimously adopted a decision declaring a complete and unconditional ceasefire on the territory of the Republic