August 7 (7.08.) is the 219th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (220th in a leap year). There are 146 days left until the end of the year.
1830 — The French Assembly elects Louis Philippe as King of France, after Charles X is forced to abdicate in the July Revolution. The new king became known as the "Citizen King".
1858 — Queen Victoria chose Ottawa as the capital of the British Dominion of Canada.
1912 — Russia and Japan signed an agreement on the division of spheres of interest in Mongolia and Manchuria.
1942 - The Battle of Guadalcanal in the Pacific began in World War II with the landing of US Marines on the island of Guadalcanal.
1947 — The expedition of the Norwegian ethnologist Tor Heyerdahl on the raft "Kon Tiki" arrived, after 101 days of sailing from Peru, on the Tuamotu archipelago in Polynesia.
1959 — The American satellite Explorer 6 is launched from Cape Canaveral. It was the first satellite to send photographs of the Earth from space.
1960 — Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro announced the nationalization of all American companies in Cuba.
1990 — Nelson Mandela's African National Congress gave up, after 29 years, armed struggle against white minority rule in South Africa, and in return the country's government accepted talks on ending the apartheid system.
At least 20 people have been killed in a bomb explosion at a government building in Colombo, Sri Lanka, by a Tamil rebel suicide bomber.
The Warsaw Metro is open
1996 — The presidents of Serbia and Croatia, Slobodan Milošević and Franjo Tuđman, met in Athens and reached an agreement on the normalization of relations between FR Yugoslavia and Croatia. The agreement was made official on August 23, 1996.
Cambodia's Foreign Minister Ung Huot formally took over as the first prime minister, replacing the ousted Prince Norodom Ranarith.
The illegal organization of Kosovo Albanians, the Kosovo Liberation Army, claimed responsibility for a series of armed attacks on police stations in Kosovo and Metohija and called on Albanians in the province to support an armed rebellion against Serbian rule.
1998 — Two car bombs explode at the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, killing at least 215 people in Nairobi and 11 in Dar es Salaam, and injuring more than 5,000 people. From�