October 7 (October 7) is the 280th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (281st in leap years). There are 85 days remaining until the end of the year.
1571 - The Spanish and Venetian navies defeat the Turkish fleet near Lepanto in southwestern Greece. In the greatest naval battle after the battle of Akcijum on the 31st. n. e. about 25,000 Turkish soldiers were killed and 80 Turkish ships were sunk. It was also the last great battle with rowing boats.
1806 - Ralph Wedgewood patents indigo in London.
1813 - The First Serbian Uprising is suppressed by the fall of Belgrade into Turkish hands, and the Turks establish the administrative apparatus and organization that existed before the outbreak of the uprising in 1804.
1879 - A double alliance is signed in 1879 between Germany and Austria-Hungary.
After liberation from Turkish rule, Crete united with Greece. Greece annexed the island in 1912, and by the Treaty of London in 1913, the annexation was internationally recognized.
Annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina to Austria-Hungary
1919 - The Dutch airline KLM is founded, the oldest existing airline in the world.
1940 - Germany occupies Romania in World War II and takes control of its oil fields.
1949 - A German Democratic Republic (East Germany) is proclaimed in the Soviet-occupied zone, with President Wilhelm Pick and Prime Minister Otto Grotevol. The two German states (East and West) reunited on October 3, 1990.
1959 - The Soviet spacecraft Luna 3 is the first to photograph the dark side of the moon.
1981 - Egyptian Vice President Hosni Mubarak becomes head of state following the assassination of Anwar el-Sadat on October 6.
1985 - Palestinian guerrillas hijack the Italian passenger ship Achilles Lauro in the Mediterranean, carrying about 440 people, and threaten to destroy it if Israel does not release 50 Palestinians from prison.
1992 - A UN Security Council adopts a resolution establishing an international commission of experts to investigate war crimes in the former Yugoslavia and expresses concern over reports of mass killings and ethnic cleansing.
1996 - Investigators at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia remove 200 bodies from a mass grave in Ovcara near Vukovar.
1997 - About 30,000 musicians, artists, workers' leaders and politicians from all over