December 9


May 19, 2022

December 9 (December 9) is the 343rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (344th in leap years). There are 22 days remaining until the end of the year.


536 - In the Gothic War, the Eastern Roman general Belisarius conquered Rome from the Ostrogoths. 1824 - In the Peruvian War of Independence, the forces of the South American revolutionary Simon Bolivar defeat the Spanish army at the Battle of Ayacucho, which was crucial to Peru's independence. 1905 - The premiere of Richard Strauss's opera "Salome", composed according to the story of Oscar Wilde, is performed in Dresden. The audience was horrified by the ugliness of the play. 1905 - The French House of Representatives passes a law separating the state from the church. 1917 - Turkish troops surrender Jerusalem to the British in World War I. 1941 - China declares war on Japan, Germany and Italy in World War II. 1948 - The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Genocide Convention, which legally defines genocide and advises its signatories to prevent and punish such acts. 1961 - Tanganyika gains independence from the British Commonwealth, with Prime Minister Julius Herrera. 1967 - Nicolae Ceausescu becomes president of Romania. 1978 - The first game of the Women's Professional Basketball League (WBL) is played. Chicago Hustle played against Milwaukee Does. 1979 - A scientific commission of the World Health Organization confirms that the smallpox virus has been eradicated from humans. 1985 - A former president of Argentina, General Jorge Rafael Videla, and his successor, Admiral Emilio Masera, a member of the military junta, are sentenced to life in prison for participating in the war against urban guerrillas and political opponents, during which 9,000 people went missing. 1985 - A United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopts a resolution condemning all acts of terrorism as crimes. 1990 - Lech Walesa, former leader of the Solidarity union, wins Poland's first presidential election. 1990 - The Socialist Party of Serbia, a former communist, wins the first multi-party elections in Serbia after 45 years of communist rule, and Slobodan Milosevic is elected leader of Serbia. 1992 - Respecting UN sanctions against Yugoslavia, the World Football Federation bans the Yugoslav national team from qualifying.