November 9


January 21, 2022

November 9 (November 9) is the 313th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (314th in leap years). There are 52 days remaining until the end of the year.


694 - A Visigoth king in the Iberian Peninsula, Egica, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims and condemns them to slavery. 1494 - The Medici family becomes rulers of Florence. 1799 - Napoleon Bonaparte's coup overthrows Joseph Ciesse's directory and establishes a consulate. 1867 - Tokugawa Yoshinobu, the last shogun, offers his resignation to Emperor Meiji. 1872 - Great fire in Boston. 1884 - Founding of the Elementary School Stevan Colovic Arilje. 1918 - German Emperor Wilhelm II abdicates, and Philipp Scheidemann proclaims a republic. 1937 - A Japanese army enters Shanghai. 1938 - Crystal Night, the first mass act of anti-Jewish violence in Nazi Germany. 1953 - Cambodia becomes independent from France. 1985 - Gary Kasparov wins over Anatoly Karpov at the age of 22 to become the youngest world chess champion. 1989 - Guenter Sabowski mistakenly announces the entry into force of new travel regulations, a day earlier than expected. As a result, the East German authorities lifted the ban on moving from the east to the west of Germany, and the same evening thousands of citizens gathered on the border of the two Berliners, which began the fall of the Berlin Wall. 1993 - Mostar's old bridge collapses into the Neretva after several days of bombing by Croatia. 1996 - Mike Tyson suffers his second defeat, the first by Ivander Holyfield, to win his third super-heavyweight title. 2005 - The European Space Agency's Venus Express mission is launched from Baikonur in Kazakhstan. 2016 - Donald Trump is declared the winner of the US presidential election and becomes the 45th President of the United States. 2020 - Armed conflicts in Nagorno-Karabakh end with the signing of a ceasefire agreement in Moscow between the leaders of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia.


1818 - Ivan Turgenev, Russian writer and playwright. (d. 1883) 1841 - Edward VII, King of Great Britain and Ireland and King of India (1901-1910). (d. 1910) 1868 - Marie Dresler, Canadian-American actress and comedian. (d. 1934) 1883 - Edna May Oliver, American actress. (d. 1942) 1885 - Hermann Weil, German mathematician, theoretical physicist and philosopher. (d. 1955) 1885 - Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian

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