October 9 (October 9) is the 282nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (283rd in leap years). There are 83 days remaining until the end of the year.
1621 - The Battle of Hotin ends with the withdrawal of the Turkish army.
1701 - Yale University is founded in New Haven, Connecticut.
1806 - Prussia breaks its neutral policy toward Napoleon and declares war on France, defeating it with heavy territorial losses.
1915 - German and Austro-Hungarian troops occupy Belgrade in the First World War.
1934 - Vlado Chernozemski assassinates Yugoslav King Alexander Karadjordjevic in Marseilles.
1940 - A German Luftwaffe bombs St. Paul's Cathedral during the Battle of Britain.
1944 - The Third Moscow Conference begins, at which the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and the leader of the USSR Joseph Visarionovich Stalin discuss the problem of Poland, Greece and Yugoslavia and agree on the organization of Europe after the Second World War.
1949 - A JNA football stadium is opened.
1962 - Uganda gains independence after nearly 70 years of British colonial rule.
1963 - More than 2,000 people die in floods when a large landslide causes a large wave to overflow the Viont Dam near Longarone, in northeastern Italy.
1970 - In Cambodia, Parliament Speaker In Tam announces the abolition of the monarchy.
1975 - Soviet physicist and dissident Andrei Sakharov receives the Nobel Peace Prize.
1983 - A bomb blast in Rangoon, Burma's capital, kills 18 South Korean government officials, including four ministers and Foreign Minister Li Bum Suk. South Korean authorities have accused North Korean agents of planting a bomb.
1992 - In an attempt to prevent a further outbreak of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the United Nations Security Council adopts a resolution banning military flights in BiH airspace, and peacekeepers are ordered to monitor the ban.
More than 200 people died when Hurricane "Paulina" hit the Mexican resort of Acapulco.
The chess tournament in Tilburg, the Netherlands, is coming to an end. Peter Svidler wins.
1998 - Ariel Sharon becomes Israeli Foreign Minister in charge of peace talks with the Palestinians.
2001 - American scientists Eric Cornell and Carl Wimen and German Wolfgang Keterle receive the Nobel Prize in Physics. They are Fr.