Curve alignment in the covid pandemic 19

Article

January 27, 2022

Straightening the curve in the Kovid pandemic 19 is a WHO public health strategy to slow the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. It is currently being used during the coronavirus pandemic 2019/20, as the best available strategy to slow the spread of the virus. Reducing the peaks in the chart allows health workers to better manage the number of patients, by taking timely preventive measures The graphic was developed by visual data journalist Rosamund Pearce, based on a graphic that appeared in a 2017 article by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention entitled Community Strategy for Mitigating the Influenza Pandemic in the United States in 2017.

Interpretation of the curve

The height of the curve is the number of potential cases in a country, while the time interval is shown along the horizontal "X" axis. The line in the middle represents a cross-section in which there are too many cases in too short a time, which overcomes the health system and requires appropriate measures. As the coronavirus continues to spread around the world, more and more companies are sending employees to work from home. Public schools are closing, universities are holding online classes, major events are being canceled, and cultural institutions are closing their doors. Interruption of everyday life is real and significant - but so are the potential life benefits of straightening the curve in the Kovid 19 pandemic. in order to slow down the spread of the virus, that is, not to get a huge jump in the number of patients at once. If that happened, there would not be enough hospital beds or mechanical fans for everyone who needs it, and the hospital system of one country would be overcrowded. This is already happening in Italy. One of these two scenarios cited in the citation is shown through a graphical representation of curve alignment in a pandemic in which the U.S. hospital system becomes flooded with coronavirus patients. However, if the movement of the pandemic is monitored through this graph, the spread of the virus can be delayed so that new cases do not appear all at once, but over a week or more for weeks or even months. Then the system can adapt and accept all people who are likely to get sick and / or may need hospital care.

Raising the curve

Along with the effort to straighten the curve, there is a need for a parallel effort to "raise the curve", through increasing the capacity and scope of health system services. Health care capacity can be increased in one of the following ways: procurement of equipment, employment of staff, provision of telemedicine services (for patients without kovid 19 to free beds. Smaller towns and rural areas where hospitals and clinics have far less capacity desperately need this type of support). home care, health education .Increasing capacity does not only mean more masks, beds, respirators or medicines for 20% of cases that are expected to require hospitalization. It also means redirecting resources to the least resource-intensive area, training more staff to work in intensive care. Raising the curve requires extremely rapid resource mobilization (people, money and equipment), ingenuity and flexibility, as well as professional and quality leadership and coordination. The line aims to provide adequate medical equipment and supplies for as many patients as possible.

Sources

External links

Coronavirus: What is 'flattening the curve,' and will it work? (language: English)

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