2008 (MMVIII) was a leap year that began on a Tuesday in the Gregorian calendar.
Cyprus and Malta adopt the euro as their currency and thus become part of the euro area. Akrotiri and Dhekelia also join.
Slovenia becomes EU presidency after Portugal.
January 2 - Pakistan general elections are postponed from January 8, 2008 to February 18, 2008, following the assassination of Benazir Bhutto on December 27, 2007.
January 5 - Mikhail Saakashvili receives more than 50 percent of the vote in the presidential election and is re-elected president of Georgia.
January 9 - US President George W. Bush arrives in Jerusalem, Israel, for a meeting with Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
January 14 - The MESSENGER spacecraft flies past the planet Mercury for the first time.
January 19 - A six - party coalition government takes office in Thailand, becoming the first democratic government since the 2006 military coup.
January 23 - The Norwegian airline Coast Air goes bankrupt.
January 24 - Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi resigns after losing a vote of confidence in the Italian parliament.
January 25 - The Social Democrats' party leader Mona Sahlin announces that the party's economic spokesman Pär Nuder will be replaced by Thomas Östros.
February 2 - French President Nicolas Sarkozy marries singer and former fashion model Carla Bruni.
February 5 - In 24 of the US states, primary elections are held before the presidential election on November 4 of the same year. During this so-called Super Tuesday, John McCain will be the Republican Party's biggest winner, while Democrats' Hillary Clinton will have a slight advantage over Barack Obama.
February 6 - Italian President Giorgio Napolitano announces that new elections will be held in Italy on April 13, 2008.
February 11 - East Timorese President José Ramos-Horta is seriously shot in an assassination attempt.
February 17 - Kosovo declares independence from Serbia.
February 18 - US recognizes Kosovo as an independent state.
February 19 - Fidel Castro announces his resignation as President of Cuba.
February 23 - An agreement on "permanent ceasefire" between the Ugandan government and the rebel group Lord's Resistance Army is signed.
February 24 - Raúl Castro succeeds his brother Fidel Castro as President of Cuba.
February 26 - The Doomsday Vault (a seed vault) is inaugurated in a rock chamber at a geographically strategically located place, Svalbard.
February 28 - The ousted Thai Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra returns home for the first time since the September 2006 military coup.
March 2 - In the Russian presidential election, Dmitry Medvedev wins with 70% of the vote.
March 4 - Sweden recognizes Kosovo's independence.
March 9 - In the Spanish general election, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, led by Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, wins by 43% of the vote.
March 14 - Riots erupt in the Tibetan capital Lhasa after Tibetan monks begin a demonstration against Chinese rule.
March 15 - Gërdec 2008 explosions
March 16 - Nils Lundgren announces that he intends to resign as party leader for the Swedish party Junilistan in July 2008.
March 20 - Yves Leterme takes office as Prime Minister of Belgium after nine months of negotiations since the election.
March 24 - Yousaf Raza Gilani (PPP) takes office as the new Prime Minister of Pakistan.
March 29 - Elections for president and parliament are held in Zimbabwe, with opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai's MDC party advancing and gaining a majority over President Robert Mugabe's Zanu-PF party.
March 31 - The French spirits giant Pernod Ricard buys Swedish Vin & Sprit for SEK 55 billion.
April 1 - The Swedish and Danish Post announce that they intend to merge with headquarters in Stockholm. The new