December 6, 2021

A siege is an encirclement of an enemy fortress or city, with the purpose of preparing a storm for it or forcing it to surrender. Siege was common, especially in ancient and medieval warfare. The siege includes cutting off the fortress or city from the supply of maintenance such as food, water, munitions and manpower. At the same time, the besiegers are trying to destroy the fortifications with masonry, siege towers and other siege weapons. Visby is an example of a fortified city intended to withstand siege attacks. Karlsborg Fortress was built as an impregnable reserve capital according to central defense tactics, but managed to become obsolete even before it was completed in 1869. An enclosure without the purpose of storming is called cernation.

Known sieges

Troy Constantinople 1453 Malta 1565 Copenhagen 1658-1659 Riga, 1709-1710 Messolonghi Leningrad 1941–1944 Grozny several times during the 1990s Sarajevo 1992-1996

See also

Catapult Siege weapons


Further reading

David M. Glantz: The Siege of Leningrad 1941-1944 (eng) (2001) ISBN 1-86227-124-0 Harrison Evans Salisbury: The Nine Hundred Days (1974) ISBN 91-0-039595-1

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