Building monument

Article

November 28, 2021

Building monuments are culturally and historically valuable buildings, environments and facilities in Sweden that have been declared a building monument in accordance with the provisions of the Cultural Environment Act. It is generally regarded as the strongest cultural-historical protection that buildings in Sweden can enjoy. In order to clarify the protection, protection regulations or safety regulations are established for each building monument. Architectural monuments have a wide range of time and space and can be anything from a medieval castle to a cinema from the 1950s. A building monument declaration means that the building must be preserved for all time to come. The building must not be distorted, rebuilt, or demolished. Parks, gardens or other facilities of cultural-historical value can also be protected. More than 2,000 facilities and environments are protected as architectural monuments. A list can be found in the National Heritage Board's building register.

History

The state protection for culturally and historically valuable buildings can be traced all the way back to the 1666 "Placat och Påbudh om Gamle Monuments och Antiquiteter i Rijket". The care of the Crown's buildings was expanded and gradually improved through the appointment of court architects. An important step was taken in 1697, when Nicodemus Tessin d. Y. Was appointed superintendent of all royal "Castles, Houses, Gardens and Buildings". Modern legislation was introduced by the 1942 Act on the Protection of Culturally and Historically Remarkable Buildings, followed by the 1960 Act on Architectural Monuments. The purpose of architectural monuments was and is to preserve traces of history that are important for the understanding of today's and tomorrow's society and to guarantee people's access to cultural heritage. Architectural monuments tell about historical events and how society has changed over time. The stories also contain specific events and the history of individuals. There are now two types of building monuments, individual building monuments and state building monuments. Before 1989, a state building monument was called a "building monument". Regarding church buildings, see church cultural monument.

Individual building monuments

The county administrative boards have the opportunity, through the Cultural Environment Act, to declare building monuments such buildings as "have an extremely high cultural-historical value or which are part of a built-up area with an extremely high cultural-historical value". This can apply to residential buildings as well as industrial facilities, parks and bridges. Anyone can raise a question with the county administrative boards that a building or facility should be declared a listed building. The County Administrative Board also has the opportunity to raise the issue of a building monument declaration on its own initiative. The county administrative boards have supervisory responsibility for building monuments and examine issues concerning permits for measures that are contrary to the protection regulations. Anyone who owns a building monument has the opportunity to apply for a grant for the antiquarian overhead costs that may arise during, for example, restoration.

State monuments

The government decides whether a state building or facility should become a state building monument. The National Heritage Board submits proposals for new state monuments and is responsible for the supervision of them. The state architectural monuments tell important parts of the history of Sweden and the state administration. There are about 265 state monuments in the form of, for example, government and court buildings, defense facilities, bridges, royal castles and lighthouses. Examples of state monuments: Gamla Svinesundsbron, bro Good night, fortification tower Hjortens udde, lighthouse Karlsten fortress, fortress Klagstorps manor, manor Känsö quarantine plant, quarantine plant Landeryds station, station building Lorensbergs villastad, villastad Marieholm, Mariestad, former royal estate New Älvsborg, defense facility Olidan's power plant, power plant Parloiren, part of quarantine facility Residenset and Landsstatshuset, Kalmar, residences and landsstathu

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