Coronavirus outbreak 2020–2021 in Sweden

Article

December 1, 2021

The coronavirus outbreak 2020–2021 in Sweden is part of the ongoing pandemic of the disease covid-19, a disease caused by the virus sars-cov-2. The symptoms of covid-19 may vary from person to person. The symptoms can often be difficult to distinguish from the common cold, flu or allergy. However, some people only suffer from mild cold symptoms with runny nose, while others get a flu-like symptoms with headaches, fatigue, fever, sore throat and myalgia, in more severe cases with pneumonia. A total of 15,110 people have died of covid-19 in Sweden.

Sweden

The first Swedish case was confirmed on 31 January 2020 in Jönköping and domestic spread of infection was confirmed for the first time on 6 March in Stockholm. The first death occurred on March 11, also in Stockholm. On the same day, the World Health Organization stated that the virus outbreak is a pandemic and in Sweden several government measures followed. On 19 March, a general advice was issued on unnecessary travel within the country and on 17 March, in an EU-coordinated action, entry was restricted for citizens from countries outside the EEA, including the EU. The Swedish government decided that from March 29, public gatherings and public events with more than 50 people and with more than eight participants would be prohibited since November 24, 2020. On June 4, the Swedish government announced that the ban on unnecessary domestic travel would be lifted 13 In the spring of 2020, the pandemic hit some western European countries particularly hard and Sweden had the EU's fourth highest number of registered deaths infected with Covid-19 cumulatively per capita on 2 June. Older people in particular suffered from excess mortality during the first wave in the spring of 2020, and the excess mortality rate was significantly higher than in the other Nordic countries. Densely populated areas in Svealand were particularly vulnerable during the first wave, and southern parts of the country during the second wave, winter 2021/2021. Unlike countries previously reached by the pandemic, Sweden succeeded in achieving its goal that the capacity of epidemic care would be sufficient, by limiting the spread of infection and expanding care capacity quickly enough. However, those responsible stated that Sweden did not succeed in its goal of protecting older people particularly well during the first wave of infection spread in the spring of 2020, and also that the infection control organizations had insufficient resources to cope with, among other things, mass testing. Sweden suspended infection tracing among the public as early as mid-March and then did not reach the set targets for the number of people tested until September 2020. The so-called corona commission described it in November 2021 as a failure that large-scale test capacity had been delayed and also criticizes that Sweden has phased out emergency stocks. of protective equipment and was late in tightening the Infection Control Act. It explains the problems of unclear or decentralized responsibility for infection control, but at the same time believes that the regions quickly managed to change care. Unlike many other countries, Swedish authorities and government through the Swedish constitution lack far-reaching opportunities to shut down activities and forcibly isolate the population, a temporary amendment to the Communicable Diseases Act was implemented in April 2020. The amendment was never used. Instead, a line based on trust, individual responsibility and the slow imposition of restrictions was applied.

Origin

At the global level, the virus was discovered in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019. On January 7, 2020, Chinese authorities were able to identify the virus as a new type of coronavirus. The virus was given by the WHO the temporary English name 2019 novel coronavirus, abbreviated 2019-nCoV. The first verified case of covid-19 in Sweden was diagnosed on 31 January 2020 in Jönköping. The patient was a person who had been to Wuhan, China. On February 1, the government classified, at the request of the People

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