January 23, 2022

Detective or detective novel, often also called crime fiction, is a genre in popular culture whose work has a story where the main theme is to depict one or more crimes, while the identity of the culprit is often a mystery to the reader. The genre is available as a novel ("crime novel"), short story, feature film, TV series and cartoons. The word detective originates from the word detective, because the main character is often a private detective, but the story can also revolve around a criminal police or another problem solver (journalist, priest, psychologist, etc.), or around the culprit. The detective story and its subgenres Detective stories are, in a broad sense, the fictional genre that is sorted under suspense literature and that deals with crimes, how they are solved, different criminals and their motives. The genre is often distinguished from other fiction in bookstores (own departments), literary magazines and awards ceremonies. The genre has several literary awards of its own, including the Edgar Prize, the Shamus award, the Dagger Prizes and in Scandinavia Glasnyckeln. However, the line between detective stories and other genres such as thriller, thriller and action film on the one hand and psychological and social novels on the other hand is far from always crystal clear. Roughly speaking, there are three types of detective stories: those developed from rogue novels, the "thinking" detectives, and the scientific detectives. From these, several subdivisions have emerged, such as: Puzzle decks Had-I-just-known The criminal as a hero Inverted detective story The hard-boiled detective story Psychological thriller Procedure-detective Social detective Historical detective story Real crimes Comic detective story Spy novel Supernatural detective stories Science fiction detective story Parody detective storiesThese subgenres have been mixed and the boundaries between them are very blurred. Common to these subgenres is that one or more crimes and their resolution are at the center. Murder is the most common crime, partly because it is the most exciting crime ("it is when our very existence is at stake, when death comes into the picture, that it suddenly becomes more than petty interesting. Then everything is put on its head." According to Per Olaisen), partly because the crime is irreversible, leaves no victim who can testify and often has a severe punishment. The detective genre as a whole has had its greatest successes and foremost names in the Anglo-Saxon world.

Genre rules

Since detective stories are a broad concept, it can be difficult to set up any unambiguous descriptions of what a detective story "should" look like. However, several attempts have been made over the years: S.S. Van Dine published in September 1928 a list of 20 rules, while Ronald Knox made a list of 10 rules in 1929. Among these rules are: The reader must have the same chance as the detective to solve the mystery. All clues must be reported. This is called pure play or "fairplay" The criminal must have appeared early in the story All supernatural solutions must be rejected during the course of the investigation The criminal must be found by logical conclusions - not by accident, chance or unjustified confession The detective must not be the criminal himself

Common terms and narrative grips

The following is an overview of some terms that recur in detective stories or discussions about detective stories: Red herring is a clue that leads to the wrong conclusion Alibi is a suspect's proof of innocence The motive is the criminal's cause to commit the crime Armchair detective is a problem solver who finds the answer to the riddles through acumen, rather than examining clues and sometimes without even moving out of his armchair. The typical example is Rex Stout's books about Nero Wolfe. Doctor Watson is a companion to the detective, whose function is to be the reader's representative and often narrator. The name comes from Sherlock Holmes' companion. Collection in the library - when the detectives at the end of the story gather the suspects to give one before

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