Granada (city)


December 6, 2021

Granada is the capital of the Spanish province of the same name. The city is located in Andalusia in southern Spain, at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountain range and had 237,540 inhabitants in 2014. The University of Granada, founded in 1531 by the German-Roman emperor Charles V, is one of the most prestigious in Spain.


Already in the 600s BC. Phoenician, Carthaginian and Greek settlers lived in the area. During the 400s BC. Iberians lived in the city of Ilturir, in the place where Granada is today. The Romans occupied the area in 193 BC. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD. the area was under the Visigoths based in Toledo and in 711 the area was invaded by the Moors, who gave the city the name Elvira. Granada obeyed 755–1028 during the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba and was then in the hands of the Zirids, Idrisids and Banu Sumadih. In 1238, Granada became an independent kingdom, during which the city and its surroundings reached their highest prosperity. The silk industry and trade, especially with Italy, developed strongly. Internal strife soon weakened Granada's power and made its rulers tributary under Castile. When Abu-l-Hasan refused to pay tribute in 1481, the 11-year war broke out, which ended with Granada, the last stronghold of the Moors in Spain, being handed over by Boabdil to Ferdinand II of Castile on January 2, 1492, after which the city increasingly fell into disrepair. In 1531, a still active university was founded in the city. ” El ultimo suspiro del moro ”(Mother's last sigh) is called the hill Padul near Granada from where according to legend Boabdil cast one last glance at his fathers castle Alhambra.


During the 13th and 14th centuries, the castle and castle area of ​​the Alhambra was built, complete with gardens and palaces. It is today considered one of the world's foremost architectural works and is on the UNESCO World Heritage List along with the Arab "old town" of Granada, Albaicín. Adjacent to the cathedral are Isabella I of Castile and her husband Ferdinand II of Aragon. Through their marriage, the couple united the two kingdoms and then conquered Granada, which had previously been controlled by Moors. The couple was buried in Granada as a sign of Spain's final unification and the city was also intended as the future capital. Parks and Gardens of Granada The gardens of the Alhambra and Generalife The garden Fuente nueva The garden Federico Garcia Lorca Carmen de los Mártires Garden Zaidin Garden

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