Gustavian style

Article

December 6, 2021

Gustavian style is called the leading style in Swedish architecture, interior design and arts and crafts during the Gustavian period. Gustavian style is actually two consecutive, quite closely related styles. The older High Gustavian style is a Swedish variant of the French Louis seize style (Louis XVI style) and carries some lingering features of Rococo. In Sweden, its period is about 1772–1785. The younger Late Gustavian style prevailed around 1785–1810. It is the Swedish equivalent of neoclassicism, in France called the Pompeian style. Even features of the director can be discerned from time to time. One of the most famous designers was the furniture manufacturer Georg Haupt. The style is characterized by austere shapes and decorations inspired by antiquity.

Architecture

Examples of Gustavian-style buildings include Gustav III's pavilion in Hagaparken and Svartå Castle in Karis, Finland. Among architects active in Sweden during this time, the following can be mentioned: Jean Eric Rehn Carl Fredric Adelcrantz Carl Christoffer Gjörwell d.y. Olof Tempelman Erik Palmstedt Louis Jean Desprez Carl Wilhelm Carlberg

Interior

The Gustavian style meant that one sought back to ancient style ideals. Rococo asymmetrical ornaments disappeared, and antique decorative elements such as festoons, laurel wreaths, cornucopias, running dog-borders and more were picked up. The rococo-like S-shaped furniture legs were replaced with straight round and fluted. The Rococo scale of pastel colors was replaced by various white shades inspired by the look of the marble stone. During Late Gustavian times, the style becomes more frugal. Legs and feet get a square average and are often completely undecorated. In general, smooth surfaces, sometimes with simple classifying elements, become modern. Around 1790, there was also a change in the influences of Swedish fashion. From having previously been very French-oriented, people now turned more to England after the revolution, and mahogany furniture, which had not been modern at all before, is now beginning to make its entrance. The Empire style came to have quite a hard time gaining a foothold in Sweden. Gustav IV Adolf and most influential Swedish politicians at this time were strikingly anti-French, and it was only after the revolution of 1809 and Karl Johan's appointment as Swedish successor to the throne that French influence in art began to return. Georg Haupt Louis Masreliez Gottlieb Iwersson Gustaf Adolf Ditzinger

Arts and crafts

See also The Academy of Fine Arts Pehr Zethelius Pehr Hilleström Lorens Gottman Alexander Roslin Ulrika Pasch Peter Adolf Hall Johan Tobias Sergel

See also

Neoclassicism New Louis XVI The Comedy House Anne Marie Milan Desguillons Marie Louise Marcadet Jacques Marie Boutet de Monvel Swedish architecture

References

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References

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