Israel-Palestine conflict


December 1, 2021

The Israel-Palestine conflict is an aspect of the Middle East conflict and refers to the conflicts that arose between Israel and the Palestinian Arabs, especially after the state of Israel was founded in 1948. The conflict has its background in the Zionist movement with roots in the 19th century and Arab nationalism which emerged from the end of the First World War.


The conflict is first and foremost a territorial conflict between the Israeli and Palestinian peoples. The Zionists sought to create a national home for the Jewish people in the area that constitutes today's Israel and Palestine. This claim in the area met with strong opposition from Arab nationalism. Arab denial of two-state solutions, in the area that today constitutes Israel and the Palestinian territories. [source needed]

Before 1948

The conflict arose in the late 19th century, when Zionism, the idea that Jews needed their own country to be safe from anti-Semitism, increased in popularity. More Ashkenazi Jews began to move to the area, which at the time was controlled by the Ottoman Empire and after the First World War the British Palestinian Mandate. The Palestinian region was chosen partly because the Jews have a long history there, and partly because many Jews had lived in the area ever since the ancient Jewish kingdom, when the Jews were in the majority. Before the state of Israel was founded, the Arabs were the majority in the area and had been since the Middle Ages. More Arabs moved in from Jordan, among others, around the 1930s, when Arab-Palestinian nationalism emerged.


In accordance with the 1947 UN Partition Plan, Israel declared itself a state and was immediately invaded by all Arab neighbors (the 1948 Arab-Israeli War). Israel resisted the attack and the war ended with a ceasefire in 1949. After the war, the Jews again became the majority as many Arabs in the area fled to neighboring countries, Mizrahi and Sephardi Jewish refugees from the Arab world (including the West Bank) began to flow in and the West Bank (known as Judea and Samaria by the Jews) and the Gaza Strip had been occupied by Jordan and Egypt respectively. [source needed] In June 1967, Egypt mobilized its troops on the Sinai Peninsula and threatened to annihilate Israel. This resulted in Israel starting the Six Day War with an air raid on Egyptian airfields. Jordan and Syria then declared war on Israel, but Israel won against all countries and conquered the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the West Bank from Jordan and the Golan Heights (annexed by Israel in 1981) from Syria. [Source needed]

1967 – present

Sinai was returned to the Egyptians in exchange for their recognition of Israel as a state. Jordan relinquished all territorial claims to the West Bank, as well as Egypt to the Gaza Strip, areas that the Palestinians wanted as their own state. Israel annexed East Jerusalem under the Jerusalem Law. [Source needed] In 2005, Israel ended its occupation of the Gaza Strip and the settlements were evacuated according to a political decision from 2004. The organization Hamas won political power in the 2006 elections. that they gained political power, Israel launched an offensive against the Gaza Strip. Later, the blockade of Gaza was also initiated. [Source needed] This uses Israel as an argument to maintain military control over the West Bank in a future two-state solution. [Source needed]


End of the 19th century: The origin of the conflict

The idea of ​​a Jewish state in Palestine arises

Ever since Jerusalem was conquered and first�

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