War

Article

December 1, 2021

War is the use of organized military force between states or between peoples in order to achieve political goals. The means can also be financial, for example blocked by the enemy's trade, or psychological. Armed conflicts where the number of combat-related deaths amounts to at least 1,000 during a year are considered war by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program. A war that is going on between parties in the same country is called a civil war. Acts of war at sea are called wars. According to democratic peace theory, two democracies have never been at war with each other.

Definition

The definition varies by what qualifies some armed conflicts as war, and some does not. Among other things, it has been proposed that the armed conflict in which more than 1,000 combatants die in battle for a year should be considered a war. However, there is no formal requirement for a declaration of war for a war permit to be considered to exist. The previous practice of states declaring war on each other disappeared in connection with the creation of the UN Charter when war was in principle banned and where the person declaring war was considered to have started the war. Since 1945, no official declarations of war have been issued anywhere in the world, despite the fact that there have been more than 300 armed conflicts. Peace is an older Swedish word for state of war in an area. Big riots and small riots are two occasions during the 18th century when Finland, at that time part of Sweden, was occupied by enemy Russian troops.

Combatants

A state of war was formerly considered to arise only between fully free, in fact independent of each other, no states subject to a common higher authority. Combatants were then these states and members of the armed forces of these states. The concept has expanded during the latter part of the 20th century. Regular troops are almost always supported by members of guerrilla movements or civilian populations who spontaneously oppose occupation through subversive activities, such as sabotage, and these are in some cases counted as combatants. The wars of liberation against the colonial powers have usually been waged by guerrilla and subversion. It happens that guerrilla warfare has elements of terrorism, that is, it includes attacks that take place without regard to innocent civilians. A company or trading company per se cannot be considered a warring party. When the British East India Company waged war, its right to do so could only be regarded as a right delegated to it by the Government of the United Kingdom. Fighting between political parties within the same state produces a state of rebellion, with the party, which does not hold government power, being considered rebellious, but can not establish an actual state of war, as long as the opposing parties have taken and retained their possession and organized actual power in different parts of the geographical area of ​​the state, in which case each party can, as a warlord, claim to be treated according to the law of war. A civil war is a large enough armed conflict fought by organized groups within the same country that seek to seize power in either part of the country or the entire region. It could also be an attempt to change the government's policy.

International law regulation

Since war is a remedy from the point of view of international law, one has to distinguish the violence that is committed, as well as those that occur in the forced legal use of government bodies, from violence committed by individuals and in the name of murder, manslaughter, assault, robbery are punishable. This remedy should be carefully determined for both the warring parties and the procedure to be followed.

UN Charter

In the conduct of war, the warring parties are bound by certain generally accepted rules of international law. After the Second World War and the founding of

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