December 6, 2021

A gazebo is a building that is built in a garden or park, for more temporary stays, for recreation, formerly also synonymous with gazebos, now smaller garden pavilion or colony cottage.


The history of gazebos is connected with the development of garden art from Renaissance gardens with labyrinths and gazebos to the geometric creations of the baroque garden in the style of Drottningholm's castle park, with gazebos that often had a beautiful front while the back faced a hedge or wall. During the latter part of the 18th century, the gardens and English parks of the Romantic period became the highest fashion, and in response to the earlier right-wing, these parks were laid out with winding corridors, ponds, small arched bridges, Chinese gazebos (eg Chinese pavilion) and Turkish kiosks (eg Turkish kiosk). temples, caves and hermitages. Vanity was formerly a term for gardens with gazebos or pavilions that were laid out on mountain heights with sweeping views. The Danish garden house places the building in a fenced garden, while the English summer house speaks of its limited useful life. Another Anglo-American name for gazebo gazebo, actually lookout tower, lookout pavilion, says something about the gazebo's function. The French gloriette makes us understand that the gazebo is considered the playful ornament of the garden and the owner's little pride - in English folly which means "folly".

The gazebo in the allotment garden movement

The small colony cottage that was introduced together with the allotment gardens in Sweden around the turn of the century in 1900 was originally called a gazebo. Anna Lindhagen, who was the initiator of the Swedish colonial movement, believed that the allotment with a gazebo could be a replacement for the farm that the less well-off could not afford. She thought it was important that the allotment not only became a utility garden but it would be a fun-filled place for recreation. The association allotment gardens in Stockholm provided type drawings for these small gazebos that had been drawn up by the leading architects of the time, among them Ragnar Östberg and Lars Israel Wahlman.

K-marked gazebo in Stockholm

In Stockholm, there is a gazebo preserved since the 1790s. It stands on a small grassy hill west of Lower Manila's fence at Södra Djurgården. It was part of a larger courtyard and was built in the 1790s according to plans by Louis Jean Desprez, one of the leading architects of the time. The gazebo's neoclassical design language with the smooth panel and the top shape of the roof gives the building an architectural-historical value. The house has been classified as a listed building since 1965.

Picture gallery of gazebos in Stockholm and surroundings


See also

Hermitage Lustslott Eco-temple Gloriette Pavilion Vanity (building)

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